Beijing cabbage has become very popular all over the world. It first appeared in China 5 thousand years ago. It is not known whether it is from Beijing or not, but in our area it is called that way. In other countries, its name translates as "Chinese salad." Indeed, the leaves of this cabbage are very similar to lettuce.
Beijing cabbage has long light green leaves, gathered in a loose oblong head. In cooking, it is used in different ways. It is great for fresh salads, stewing and first courses. We have to admit that on the tables it is much more common than in the gardens. Some are not used to growing such vegetables on their own plots. Now we compare the best varieties of Chinese cabbage, and prove that growing it is not difficult.
Not every gardener, once planted Peking cabbage in his garden, will say that this is an unpretentious vegetable. In the open field to grow it is not as easy as the usual white cabbage. She may never make a head of cabbage, but will simply start to bloom. The reason for this may be the low temperature of the soil after planting in open ground. If you plant the seedlings in the ground, warmed up to +15 ° C, then such problems should not be.
Of course, not every region of the soil warms up quickly. In this case, it is better to plant cabbage under the shelter. In the future, too, will have to monitor the temperature. Too high a temperature, like a low one, can lead to the onset of flowering.
There are other reasons that can lead to the appearance of flowers:
- Damaged root system. To prevent this from happening with your seedlings, plant seeds better in special peat containers that are buried in the ground with the plant.
- Temperature jumps. For normal growth and heading, the air temperature should be around +20 ° C. With an increase of just 5 degrees, the cabbage will begin to form arrows.
- Long stay in the sun. Cabbage should be exposed to the sun no more than 12-13 hours a day. Only then will she head out and gain weight.
- Thick landing. This applies to planting seeds with cabbage. In this case, you need to plant the seeds at a distance sufficient for growth and development. The normal interval is about 10-15 cm. Once the cabbage has risen, it is necessary to remove all small and weak sprouts. At the same time between cabbages leave a distance of about 25-30 cm, and between rows will need about 55-60 cm. Because of the thick sowing, cabbage begins to reach for the sun and form seeds.
- Infertile soil. Beijing cabbage roots are in the top layer of the soil, so it is much more difficult for it to obtain the necessary moisture. For example, habitual for us white cabbage has long and thick roots, which are able to get nutrients from a great depth. So, growing Peking cabbage will have to take care of fertilizing the soil, as well as regular loosening and watering.
Without knowing these peculiarities of Peking cabbage, it is unlikely that a good harvest will be obtained. But now that you are armed, you can begin to select varieties for cultivation. On sale you can find many commercial and hybrid varieties of this vegetable. Most varieties are adapted to our climate and can be kept fresh for a long time.
Breeders have taken care and brought varieties that can be grown in different climatic regions, but subject to certain rules of care. For example, early cabbage should be grown in greenhouses or under shelters. In the middle lane, you can grow any of the following varieties, but in the northern regions will have to obscure the plants at night.Important! White nights are bad for the seedlings and will not allow her to head out.
The high-yielding hybrid capable to grow even in the most adverse conditions. Heads of cabbage ripen long enough, about 75-80 days from the date of landing in the ground. The heads are oblong, have beautiful wavy leaves of a delicate green color on the outside and creamy yellow on the inside. The weight of heads can reach from 3 to 4 kg. The variety is not afraid of temperature drops, cabbage responds normally to cooling. It has a high resistance to diseases. Contains proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Photos of this Peking cabbage are given below.
Variety refers to the early Beijing cabbage. It has excellent taste and pleasant fresh aroma. Suitable for cooking all kinds of dishes both fresh and thermally processed. Heads of large sizes, long, have a cylindrical shape. Loose light green leaves are rather dense. Juicy cabbage can be used to make juice. It takes about 50-55 days from planting seedlings to the ground to full maturity of the first fruits.Important! Can be stored for a long time in a cool room. Tastes are preserved for 3 months.
This is an early ripe hybrid variety that is great for growing in a midland setting. It is practiced both with seedlings and seeds. Planted seedling plants will give the fruit within 45 days. If the cabbage is grown from seed, then the harvest will need to wait 7-10 days later. We can say that this variety belongs to the average "weight category". The largest cabbages will weigh about 2.5-3 kilograms.
Variety refers to mid-season crops. From planting seedlings to head ripening takes about 60 days. The shape of the head is oblong. The leaves are dark green, wavy outside. Inside, they are pale and more even. The head is half-open, lush. It has an excellent taste, is used to prepare fresh salads and other dishes.Attention! The variety is not suitable for storage for the winter.
This is probably the earliest variety. For this reason, it can be planted not only at the end of spring, but throughout the entire summer period. In warm climates and fertile soil matures within 40 days. The mass of heads is small, only 1 kilogram. But it's not scary, because you can plant this variety in several stages, and collect several harvests of cabbage. Suitable for growing in the harsh conditions of Siberia. It tolerates adverse weather conditions.
Early grade with high shade tolerance. The ripening period is very short, from planting seedlings to full head ripening takes up to 40 days. Cabbage has large broad leaves. It boasts excellent taste. A head out can grow up to 1.5 kilograms in weight. Sowing on seedlings carried out from mid-April. Planting seeds does not begin until the second week of May.Important! Sprouts resistant to coloring.
Mid-season high-yielding variety. Cob of elongated shape, with densely placed dark green leaves. The fruits are large, the weight of each can be about 2-2.5 kilograms. The variety is resistant to various diseases, especially to the defeat of necrosis. Sowing on seedlings begin from the second week of April. Heads ripen in 70-80 days from the date of transplanting.
As you can see, Peking cabbage is an excellent option for growing at the dacha. It ripens pretty quickly and does not require much hassle to care. The main thing is to maintain a stable temperature and fertilize the soil. In order to have fresh cabbage throughout the year, you can plant both early and late varieties.