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Melon Kolkhoznitsa: photo, description, benefits and harm

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Melon Kolkhoz Woman differs from its congeners by its unique taste and the presence of vitamins that are beneficial for the diet. This is a juicy and sweet fruit dessert that any novice gardener or a gardener can grow in his garden plot. The first varieties of this cultivated crop were cultivated in the territory of Central and Asia Minor. On the territory of Russia, the melon Kolkhoznitsa is grown in warm regions, referring to the unpretentiousness of the crop to climatic conditions.

Description of the melon variety Kolkhoznitsa

False berries were obtained by screening varieties of weeds and field species on the territory of Rostov in 1939. In the State Recreation Plant Breeding Achievement Approved for Cultivation in Russia, the collective farmer’s variety was recorded in 1943. The originator of the melon is the selection laboratory Biryuchekutsk. At the moment, the melon variety Kolkhoznitsa is grown in all regions except the northern part of Russia.

According to the description of Melon, the collective farmer belongs to mid-season varieties with a short growing season, and therefore she was fond of summer residents and gardeners. After the appearance of the first true sheets 70-90 days pass before the harvest. The plant has a strong root system with care under the ground up to 2 m, although most of the roots spread over the top layer of soil. The variety is an annual herbaceous crop, the stem of which has a rounded-faceted shape, spreads along the ground up to 3-4 m.

The foliage is a regular, large, palmate-lobed form, developing on elongated petioles. In the internodes grow a mustache. The collective farmer blooms with oboepolymi flowers of pale yellow color. The ovary of the fruit occurs under the perianth of 3-4 accrete fruit leaves. The fruit is spherical in shape, reaching 25 cm in diameter.

Tip! Many culinary specialists call a collective farmer melon a portion and do not recommend storing it in a refrigerated chamber in cut form. Taste and healthy qualities quickly lose their power.

The skin of the fruit is bright yellow, sometimes with a greenish tinge. Ripe fruit is covered with a net or remains smooth and firm. The peel is of medium thickness, the melon does not crumple. Melon flesh juicy and fibrous, snow-white. The taste of the collective farmer is sweet, with a barely noticeable sourness and tart flavor. There is a large number of seeds. Melon Kolkhoznitsa was not originally considered a hybrid.

Pros and cons varieties

Over 80 years of cultivation of melon crops, gardeners have noted the following advantages of a melon Kolkhoznitsa:

  • high fecundity;
  • excellent taste characteristics;
  • drought resistance;
  • unpretentiousness to climatic conditions, soil composition;
  • the ability to transport the crop over long distances;
  • short growing season;
  • possibility of collecting seeds for replanting;
  • portion fruits.

Among the disadvantages of melon collective farmer noticeable susceptibility to fungal diseases. For growing melons in the greenhouse, artificial pollination is necessary. Some consumers are not satisfied with the small size of the fruit. Also ripe or perennial melons Kolkhoz has a short shelf life.

What is useful melon collective farmer

Among its relatives melon kolkhoznitsa is distinguished by the multiple direction of application of the fruit. Due to the low calorie content, it is recommended to use it raw and in small quantities in the diet. The composition contains acids and minerals useful for the human body. It is also recommended to use melon raw - vitamins retain their usefulness.

The high percentage of folic acid contributes to the harmonious development of the fetus during pregnancy. The presence of vitamin C prevents colds, relieves malaise. The melon pulp of the collective farmer contains carotene, which improves the condition of the skin - the skin is not exposed to dermatitis, the tone is leveled, there is no weathering. Nails and hair become strong, if you use the daily rate of melon.

A large number of varieties Kolkhoznitsa acts on the body as a laxative, which is useful when melon diet, designed for 3-4 days. Eating pumpkin outside the diet is recommended by nutritionists 2 hours before the main meal. Melon seeds Kolkhoznitsa increase male activity and are an aphrodisiac, useful in the treatment of impotence, planning conception.

In the fragrant variety Kolkhoz Woman there is a large amount of iron, which relieves stress, improves the functioning of the heart, liver and kidneys. Drinking juice prevents the appearance of acne, increases the number of red blood cells with anemia, prevents kidney disease. Also in the pulp contains serotonin, which normalizes sleep, restores nerve endings. The melon collective farmer provides certain benefits and harm to patients with diabetes. The collective farmer replaces sugar, but is not recommended for use in large quantities.

Important! After the melon is not recommended to drink water or tea, it may be difficult during digestion.

How to choose a melon collective farmer

Before you buy, you must consider the nuances on which the taste and juicy melon. The fruits of the collective farmer variety very quickly absorb extraneous odors, and it is inconvenient to wash the rough surface from dust, so you should not make a purchase of pumpkin along the road and along the highway. Melon that has lost its presentation after mechanical damage is not suitable for consumption.

From the ripe berries should come a pleasant aroma of vanilla, honey and pear. Otherwise, the fruit is either not ripe, or it was grown on artificial nitrogen fertilizers. Also to the touch melon collective farmer should be tight, when patting to reflect the deaf cotton without rattling. If you hold your fingers across the peel, then furrows will appear on the ripe melon of the collective farmer. Dents after pressing speak about over-ripe fruits and the presence of bitterness when consumed.

When choosing, you should pay attention to the stem, which must be dried. The place of the flower should be elastic, but not soft. Ready-to-eat fruits appear in late August or early September. In an immature fetus the pulp is hard, at the base of the peel is greenish in color, it can be poisoned.

How many calories in a melon Kolkhoznitsa

The collective farmer is almost 90% water, the rest is given to vitamins and minerals. Calorie melon Kolkhoznitsa is quite low, which allows its use not only to those who keep the diet, but also to patients with diabetes. On average, the caloric content of the fruit per 100 g is 30-32 kcal. Using a melon in different forms, a person receives an unequal number of calories. The dried melon contains 340 kcal, the squeeze from seeds has 899 kcal. In canned fruits, calorie content is almost unchanged - 33 kcal. Low-calorie juice - 46 kcal, so it is more often recommended for fresh consumption. Fruit seeds are taken in dried form in small portions up to 100 g in order not to get diarrhea. Frozen pulp contains 34 kcal.

What melon is sweeter - Torpedo or Kolkhoz Woman

Debates on the best variety among melons are conducted every season. Torpedo several times more melon Kolkhoznitsa. In shape, the fruits of the first are elongated and much heavier than a round and compact variety Kolkhoznitsa. They also taste very different. Based on consumer feedback, the Torpedo is more watery, with a noticeable aftertaste of sourness, while the collective farmer is sweet and moderately juicy.

The flesh of the fruit is the same snow-white color, but the summer residents get more often the unripe Torpedo melon. This explains the presence of a thick and tough rind, therefore the ripeness of this variety is determined by the sound on impact and the presence of smell. The calorie Torpedo variety is slightly higher - 36 kcal. The maturity of the torpedo species a little longer - 95-110 days. However, it is stored longer, but it has less beneficial vitamins for health.

How to grow melon collective farmer

The collective farmer is a heat-loving plant, which is grown both in the open area and in greenhouses. Adaptation to the climate allows you to cultivate a false berry at any positive temperature. In some cases, the collective farmer melon is able to transfer frosts from down to –5 ° C. When creating a comfortable environment, you can expect a large and juicy harvest.

Seedling preparation

Typically, gardeners get ready for planting seedlings, although some gardeners immediately grow melon Kolkhoznitsa in the open field. Purchased planting material should be large, without damage, when pressed, the seed should not be pressed through. Before soaking the material is poured with water to identify soothers that float to the surface. Next, it is soaked in solution with growth accelerators for 2 days before the appearance of the first shoots.

Hacked seeds are subjected to hardening - wrapped in cheesecloth, cleaned in the refrigerator for 15-20 hours. In peat cups with a ready substrate, seeds are planted to a depth of 5-6 cm, poured over with water at room temperature. Glasses, trays with seedlings put in a warm place, in daylight rearranged in a sunny place. The seedling is ready to transplant when the plants have 3-4 leaves.

Tip! It is impossible to keep the seedlings for longer than 30-35 days, the stem is quickly drawn out, becomes fragile and thin, which complicates the process of plant development during transplantation into the ground.

Selection and preparation of the landing area

The collective farmer variety needs a vast and sunny plot. The harvest will be fertile if the melon is planted on light or loamy soil. The level of groundwater is allowed from 2 to 3 m. The selected site should not be previously used for planting cucumbers or other melon crops. The billet of the seat is made in the autumn or the purchased substrate is purchased. Before planting, it must be heated or treated with a diluted solution of manganese.

For planting in the greenhouse, the soil is harvested after the first frosts in late autumn. At low temperatures, most parasites freeze out. The site is cleared of weeds, do deep digging of the soil along with humus or manure. Melon A collective farmer grows poorly on acid soils, therefore wood ash or dry slaked lime is added to the soil. For the greenhouse, you can purchase cassettes or peat cups with ready-made primer. It is also necessary to provide constant artificial lighting.

Landing rules

Seeds are planted in heated soil in late April or early May. The deadline for planting is mid-May for the crop to ripen. Regardless of the landing region, the air temperature should not drop to + 15 ° C. Otherwise, the growth and development of seedlings will be suspended, the plants may die.

Before planting, they dig up a plot, make beds or dig holes for seedlings. The depth of the row should not exceed 50 cm. The beds are formed from soil, which is mixed with organic fertilizers. The collective farmer does not tolerate the transplant, so the seedlings are planted together with the preparatory substrate or peat cups, which will help develop the melon root system. The distance between plants is from 30 to 50 cm. Seedlings are watered with a small amount of water, sprinkled on the roots with small wooden chips.

Watering and feeding

In the first few weeks, the plants need to provide a microclimate, so the seedlings are covered with a polyethylene dome. At this stage, watering is carried out at dawn 3-4 times a week. On one small plant should be 1-1.5 liters, adult melon needs up to 5-7 liters with each watering. In the last month of fruit ripening, the frequency of watering is reduced to 1-2 times a week.

Humus, compost, manure or superphosphates can be used as fertilizer for the melon Kolkhoznitsa. Last contribute to the autumn land preparation for planting. Top dressing is done for 2 months of growing the melon Kolkhoznitsa. Occasionally it is necessary to add manure in small quantities when watering. Plants will not interfere with diluted saltpeter or potash fertilizers, which are pumped into the soil when ripe.

Important! All inorganic fertilizers are applied in small quantities in combination with natural additives.

Shaping

A melon collective farmer is formed in the presence of a stem that begins to travel along the ground. For a trellis shaping, a wire or wooden frame is needed, to which a young plant is tied up. As the lash grows, it is tied at 3-4 places with tissue strips. For the garter is not recommended to take a silk thread or wire that can transmit the stem. Forming a trellis is good because the collective farm bushes receive a sufficient amount of heat.

On the bushes pinch the main stem over 4-5 leaf, to achieve an increase in ovaries. If the stems are not attached to the trellis, then pinned in the ground. To do this, dig a hole under the leaf and sprinkle it with the substrate of the petiole. Additionally, the formed roots will draw useful substances from the soil. Weeding and loosening is carried out when a large number of weeds and stagnant soil. With regular loosening, the roots will get enough oxygen.

How much does a collective farmer weigh

On average, a melon collective farmer weighs from 1 to 2 kg. Over-grown fruits lose 100-200 g in weight. The weight of a melon from a bush depends on the amount of pumpkin left after thinning. It is possible to collect up to 7 kg from one bush in the south of Russia, in regions with constant temperature drops only 4 kg.

Harvesting

Young fruits are suspended from the trellis so that they do not fall away from the parent plant. If the bushes wind along the ground, then under the melon enclose the boards or slate, which will protect them from rotting. Harvesting begins in late August or early September, when the melon becomes bright yellow and the ovary begins to dry. Fruits of green melon Kolkhoznitsa cleaned in a warm and dark place, so that the process of ripening took place in 3-4 days.

After harvesting melons spread on a cloth tarp in a single layer for 10-12 days under the sun. In the process of purchasing the presentation, the fruit is inverted every 4-5 days. Next, melons are woven from the stalks into braids or stored in a grid in a suspended state. The optimal storage temperature is from 0 ° C to + 3 ° C, the air humidity for the farmer variety is allowed within 60-70%. Also, the harvest is stored in wooden boxes with a cloth litter in the basement until the onset of winter or the end of November.

Important! With any method of storage pumpkin should not be in contact.

Diseases and pests

The most dangerous pests are melon aphid and spider mite. From both pests the variety is sprayed 3 times per season with chemicals or diluted sulfur solution. As a gourd plant, the false berry is often exposed to fungal diseases:

  • powdery mildew;
  • blackleg;
  • Fusarium;
  • Copperhead and root rot.

When powdery mildew leaves turn yellow, then covered with gray bloom and dries. The disease also affects melons, which are dried directly on the bushes and fall. Black leg is dangerous for seedlings and spreads to neighboring plants. The adult stem begins to turn black at the base of the roots, and the infection spreads in spots throughout the stem. Through the root system infection occurs other bushes.

Fusarium deforms the fruits, they lose their presentation, the foliage fades, the stem dries out from the inside. Root rot affects the roots of an adult plant. Medyanka is immediately noticeable - rust stains appear on the leaves and fruits, the fruits quickly rot. Fungal disease spreads to neighboring plants.

In order to prevent powdery mildew at the initial stage, the collective farmer's melon is sprayed with pesticides, combustible sulfur. To prevent the appearance of black legs, seeds are disinfected in a diluted solution of manganese, then seedlings are sprinkled with sieved sand. Root rot does not appear anything, so remove the affected plants and neighboring bushes. Fusarium appears with an excess of moisture and potash supplements. In this case, you must follow the irrigation and the amount of potash fertilizer. At the first signs of the melon's melon, the collective farmer is sprayed with fungicides.

Reviews about melon collective farmer

Belova Tatiana Igorevna, 27 years old, Astrakhan. In our hot summer, she suffered from melon diseases for a very long time. 2 years ago there was almost no harvest. Disappointed with the kolkhoznitsa variety, but last year I decided to try again, because I don’t like the Torpedo because of the watery taste. Planted in a new place, carried out dressing and watering according to the schedule. It was not a lot of rain, which is probably why melons are ripe in time. Gathered up to 10 kg from the greenhouse. The smell is fragrant, the fruits are very juicy, but stored only a couple of months. I'm not sure exactly, but I will try to grow more crops for sale. Sofary Alexandrovna Kucher, 45 years old, Kuznetsk. I plant a variety of the collective farmer for the last few years. Since the soil is almost black earth, the bushes are not even fertilized. I landed immediately in open ground, watering regularly. Melon is growing rapidly, and the first harvest I gather in early August. For 5 years of landing, I have never been sick, although I am planting in the same place. For prevention I spray chemicals with slugs, I put copper sulfate under the roots. The variety is very good, but requires care.

Conclusion

Melon Kolkhoznitsa - juicy and aromatic melon culture. Shrubs will delight summer people and gardeners with a bountiful harvest, if they are formed on time and follow the development of young plants. With the observance of agrotechnical measures, the kolkhoznits variety will produce juicy, tasty and nutritious fruits in any region of Russia.

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