Planting pears in the autumn is recommended by many experts. We just need to choose the right time for each region. In the first years, pear trees are given special attention, because the development and productivity of a tree depend on the initial care.
When is it better to plant a pear: in spring or autumn
Pears are planted in spring and autumn. It is believed that fruit trees in the northern areas are best planted in April, at the end of the month, when the weather is warm, without the threat of too low figures during frosts. You can also continue planting until May 9-10, until the hot days in which the young tree is stressed and even fades. During the warm season, pear seedlings will get stronger and will more easily tolerate winter. In the south, landing more often carried out in late September, in October. In the middle climatic zone, pears can be planted also in early autumn.
What autumn month can you plant pears
Begin planting pears in the fall of the first days of September. For different regions, the duration of the season of moving young pear trees differs depending on the time of occurrence of stable low temperatures. It will take the sapling 3-4 weeks of relatively warm weather to settle down. Over the next 20-30 days, the tree will be able to acclimatize and prepare for a rest period.
Approximately called the last dates of possible planting pears in the fall:
- in the southern region of pears can be planted until October 15-20;
- gardeners of the middle climatic zone carry out such work until October 5-7;
- in areas with more severe weather conditions, pears are planted only in September.
How to plant a pear in the fall
Deciding to plant a pear, gardeners count every action, because its fertility depends on the successful placement of the tree. A pear after 5 years does not tolerate a transplant as it takes root deeply.
Choosing the right place
For a pear tree select a site for such requirements:
- sunny, spacious place, preferably in the southern side of the estate;
- to the nearest buildings and trees 4-5 m;
- groundwater at a depth below 2 m;
- in the middle zone of the country, protection from the north wind is important, especially if there are frosts below 28 ° C;
- you can not plant a pear in the shade of high ornamental trees, because the ripening of the fruit requires a lot of sunlight;
- for cross-pollination, which contributes to high yields, it is necessary to plant other pears for 5-30 m.
But other gardeners argue that mountain ash is easy to "share" their diseases with a pear.
Loamy and sandy, moisture-consuming, loose and fertile soil with a pH of 5-6.5 is suitable for powerful roots of the tree. On the sandy hills, clay is added to the pit; on heavy clay soils, more sand is introduced for looseness. Peatlands pears are not suitable. 20-30 days before planting, a 1.5x1.5 m plot is dug up and cleaned of weeds and old tree roots.
Prepare a pit in advance, making a substrate with fertilizers, so that the soil has time to settle:
- depth is 70-90 cm;
- diameter of 70-80 cm.
For substrate stock up:
- 2 parts of topsoil garden soil;
- 1 part peat;
- 1 part of the humus;
- clay or sand as needed;
- 150-200 g of superphosphate;
- 60-80 g of potassium sulfate;
- or 200 g of complex fertilizer.
In a heavy clay soil, the pit is dug deeper, up to 120 cm and a 15-20 centimeters drainage layer is laid. If the acidity of the site is below pH 5, the substrate is alkalized 20-30 days before planting the pear, pouring a bucket of water into the pit, where 2 cups of dolomite flour or fluff lime are dissolved. A 1-liter jar of wood ash is also added.
It is important to know that pear seedlings over 3-5 years old do not take root well and often die. In the southern regions, it is possible to plant a 1-year-old tree, in the middle lane and to the north - strong 2-year-olds, which can easily adapt to changing places. It is allowed to plant pears with a closed root system in the fall at 3 years of age, in accordance with modern technologies, with the assistance of technology.
Pear sapling before buying in the local nursery, where only zoned varieties are bred, is carefully examined for the following characteristics:
- height from 1.2 to 1.5 m;
- barrel thickness 1-1.5 cm;
- 3-4 well developed root processes;
- no damage;
- live, springy elastic leaves or swollen buds in spring.
Sapling with open roots soaked for 4-12 hours in a clay mash before planting. A pear in a container is placed in a large container with water, where the earth lump softens and the roots come out of the pot without breaking off.
The rules of planting pear seedlings in the fall
When the substrate has already settled down after a 3-5 week stay in the landing pit, 10-15 liters of water are shed before the tree is placed. At this time a peg is hammered, to which the young pear tree will be attached. Then pour the dry layer of the remaining substrate in the form of a mound and put the roots of the seedling so that the root collar is 4-5 cm above ground level. If a pit is dug on the day of planting, the substrate is carefully trampled several times so that it does not sag and pull down the grafting site, it should remain above the ground surface.
The roots are straightened, then sprinkled with earth, from time to time as if lifting a pear sapling so that all the voids in the well are filled well. After planting, the soil is compacted and the groove is made along the diameter of the pit, where water will be poured for irrigation. The seedling should be carefully tied up to a peg and mulch the tree trunk after irrigation with non-acidic peat, humus, and later foliage. Trim can only be at spring planting. In the fall, the sapling is left to get used to the new conditions and prepare for a rest period.
Transplanting pears in the fall to a new place
An unpretentious sapling after a year of growth can still be planted in the fall on another, more suitable place. In this case, the pit is prepared in the summer, the substrate is filled up with fertilizer. Having chosen a cloudy day in September, they deeply dig in a tree, carefully chop off long roots. Quickly transfer the pear to a new, prepared pit with a dry substrate. The soil is compacted, watered and mulched on top.
Nuances of planting a columnar pear in the fall
Colonlike pears are placed tightly, after 1.5 m. The trees withstand low temperatures and are resistant to diseases. Their disadvantage is a short fruitful period, only 10-12 years. The best colonic pears are 1-year-old, they quickly take root and develop successfully in the future. Planting standard, be sure to make fertilizer. After compacting the trunk circle and watering it, they mulch with peat, compost, humus.Attention! For the winter, mulch is applied with a thick layer over the entire pristvolny circle of the columnar pear, because the root system of seedlings of this type is superficial and in the first year needs additional warming.
Features of landing in different regions
Pears are planted in a standard method in all regions. Only landing time and prewinter care are different.
How to plant a pear in the fall in the suburbs
In areas of climatic strip with average severity of winter temperature indicators pears are often moved in the spring. Seedlings over the summer well take root. In the fall, planting pears in the Moscow region will be successful if they were held from September 10 to October 5. On warm days before the constant cold, seedlings take root. Before frosts, the near-trunk circle is insulated with humus, compost, peat or straw, in which small rodents will not start.
How to plant a pear in the fall in the Urals
In harsh conditions, where in winter there are severe frosts, pears are planted until September 20-25, focusing on the long-term meteorological forecast. The earth around the trunk is mulched with peat, as well as with a thick layer of humus and compost. The barrel in the late autumn is insulated with paper or burlap. Winter spud snow, which is removed by warming in April.Attention! Having noticed in the spring when buying a sapling, a peeling bark on the trunk, such an instance is not purchased.
These are traces of freezing during the winter storage of planting material.
Care after planting and preparing for winter
30-40 days before the onset of frosts after planting in the fall, the young pear takes roots and prepares for winter, slowing down all processes in the wood.
Watering and feeding
If after planting it does not rain in the fall, a sapling is watered once a week with 10-15 liters of water. Make sure that the funnel does not form near the stem, the ground is raked and a layer of mulch is applied. Feed in the fall do not hold any. After frosts, dry compost or humus is poured on the tree trunk. Nutrients will gradually pass into the soil, provide the roots with essential substances in the spring.
Protection against diseases and pests
For the short remaining period of the warm season after planting in the fall, the tree is not threatened by any pathogens and pests. If there is no damage on the stem, the seedling is healthy. It is possible after planting to whiten all the trees. A whitewash in the fall will protect the bark from the contrast of temperature differences and the influence of bright sunlight in late winter and early spring.
Preparing for the winter
When the heat decreases in autumn, watering is stopped. The trunk of a young tree is protected from mice and hares by fine-meshed special nets, wrapped up in newspapers, wrapping coarse paper, sacking, old synthetic stockings or mattings for warming. A thick layer of mulch is laid around the perimeter of the wheel circle, up to 20-25 cm, adding to the lower tier of compost or humus foliage, lapnik, sawdust. As soon as snow falls, they spud sapling, forming a protective snowdrift. In spring warming, the crust of a snowdrift is smashed and the snow is thrown away so that the young pear will not be affected by the melt water.
It is necessary to listen to the observations of experienced gardeners about the cultivation of pears and the characteristics of planting in the fall.
A landing pit is prepared several months before the tree moves, due to the fact that the freshly dug earth at any trampling and compaction still gives a draft. Together with the ground, the seedling goes down and the root neck is under the ground, where the putrefactive processes can begin after prolonged rains in the fall and overmoistening, and the tree will die.
A 10 cm deep groove of the same width, made around the pit after planting, will make it possible to water the tree. If you just pour water on the area of the wheel circle, a funnel forms over time. With a sudden cold snap in the fall, summer residents may forget to fill the circle with soil. In the spring, meltwater accumulates in the recess, which can also lead to the death of the tree.
Before hibernation, carefully twist the branches of the tree to the trunk and tie them up with soft twine so that strong wind gusts do not break them. Under the twine enclose seals of burlap, the bark will not be injured.
Planting in the fall and growing pears will be successful subject to a simple rule: buy only zoned varieties. The second similar condition is the choice of varieties. For areas of the middle band planting pears late maturity are not recommended. The fruits do not have time to ripen. Early and middle varieties successfully ripen.
Planting pears in the fall, performed at the recommended time, will create good starting conditions for the development of the tree. When planting it is necessary to enrich the substrate with fertilizers that will stimulate the growth of the seedling in the spring. Zamulchirovav pristvolny circle and carefully covering the young plant for the winter, gardeners in the spring proceed to further action on the care of the fruit tree.