Daikon - Japanese radish, a product that occupies a central place in the cooking of the Land of the Rising Sun. Culture is grown in the countries of Southeast Asia, Europe, America. In Russia, daikon appeared at the end of the 19th century and quickly gained popularity. Due to the absence of mustard oils, it has a delicate harmonious taste. Also known as white radish and sweet radish. With proper care, the roots grow large, juicy, with dense, crisp flesh. Daikon Sasha - a new variety, beloved by gardeners for high yield, cold resistance, precocity and the ability to preserve commercial quality for a long time.
Photos of Daikon Sasha:
History of breeding varieties
Daikon was bred in Japan in ancient times by breeding Chinese radish loba. Most of the Japanese varieties are not suitable for cultivation in Russia, domestic scientists have created many improved analogues, adapted to the climatic conditions of the country. Daikon Sasha was included in the State Register in 1994, successfully cultivated in all agricultural regions of the Russian Federation, but he feels more comfortable in the middle lane.
The originators of the variety are FSBI “Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Production” (Moscow region) and OOO Intersemya (Stavropol Territory). Daikon Sasha is named after the honored breeder Alexander Agapov. It is recommended for cultivation in winter greenhouses, under spring film shelters and in open ground.
Description of Daikon Sasha
Daikon Sasha - a representative of the Cabbage or Cruciferous family. The root crop has a smooth rounded shape, which may be slightly elongated or flattened. Dimensions range from 5.5 to 10.5 cm in length and from 5 to 10 cm in diameter in the middle. The skin is dense, smooth, white with a slight yellowness. The flesh is white, juicy, fragrant, crunchy, dense texture, without voids.
Daikon fruit varieties Sasha are characterized by a sweet-spicy taste and a pleasant faint aroma. The green leaves of the lyre form, with a slight pubescence, 30-55 cm long, are assembled into an erect socket. Petioles 10–17 cm long, light green, also pubescent.
Characteristics of a variety
Daikon Sasha demonstrates the best qualities of his kind. In order to grow a high-quality crop and avoid annoying mistakes, one should know the distinctive features and basic rules of growing this variety.
Daikon Sasha is an ultra-early variety, it ripens amicably for 35-45 days, under favorable weather conditions, the period can be reduced to 1 month. Due to this quality, 2-3 crops can be grown in a season. From 1 m2 it turns out to collect up to 2.5 kg of fruits in open ground and up to 4.5 kg in greenhouses. The weight of roots is 200-400 g, when ripe, they almost completely rise above the surface of the soil, which facilitates their removal from the ground. Daikon yields good yields on deeply processed, fertile, light, neutral and slightly acid soils.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Variety Sasha is prone to diseases affecting all representatives of cruciferous plants - black leg, white and gray rot, keel, vascular bacteriosis, felt ail, powdery mildew, mosaic, fusarium. It has relative immunity to bacterial mucosa.
Damage daikon crop Sasha and pests - cruciferous fleas and bedbugs, larvae of cabbage flies, click beetles, reticulants, weevils, leaf beetles, cabbage moth and scoop. To prevent infection, you should follow the rules of agricultural engineering and crop rotation, weed out the weeds in time and loosen the ground.Important! Having collected the first harvest of daikon, it is easy to succumb to temptation and plant a new one on the same plot. This should not be done, the probability of an outbreak of diseases is high.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
This variety of Japanese radish fell in love with the gardeners due to the good taste and commercial quality of the fruit. In their reviews of the Sasha daikon variety, they note the following positive features:
- stable yield;
- good keeping quality daikon varieties Sasha;
- the possibility of year-round cultivation (in the presence of a greenhouse);
- high rate of ripening;
- long term preservation of seeds (up to 8 years);
- undemanding of soil composition;
- unlike other varieties of radish, daikon Sasha is suitable for baby food;
- resistance to premature stalking.
However, the plant has some drawbacks:
- requires stable watering, otherwise the structure and taste of the fruit deteriorates, the risk of tsvetushnosti increases;
- in case of temperature instability (for example, in autumn) the flesh thickens and becomes coarse;
- heterogeneity of fruits in size;
- prone to cracking with improper care.
Planting and care for daikon Sasha
Planting daikon varieties Sasha carry out seedling method and sowing in open ground. Variety easily transfers pick. Tomatoes, carrots, potatoes, beets, cucumbers, legumes, greens, onions are considered to be good precursors for the crop. Daikon should not be planted after crucifers - cabbage, radish, turnip.
Daikon seeds varieties Sasha recommend sowing twice - in March and July. For ripening full-fledged juicy fruits, the plant needs a short light day, with an excess of sun, the daikon begins to bloom, the yield deteriorates. Daikon shoots are transferred to a permanent place at steady daytime temperatures from + 10 ˚С. The fruits of spring sowing are collected in May, but they are not stored for long. They should be consumed in a short time. In April-May, daikon Sasha is planted mainly on seeds. Summer crop is the most productive. Daylight becomes shorter, daikon enhances the growth of the fruit, the likelihood of flower arrows decreases. Many middle belt gardeners advise to postpone planting until August, claiming that this will help to forget about the problem of tsvetushnosti. The roots, collected in the fall, can be stored for 2-3 months.
Preparation of beds
Land for planting daikon varieties Sasha should be sunny, its preparation begins in the fall. Ground up on the spade bayonet, add 1.5 kg of humus or compost, 40 g of superphosphate, 20 g of ammonium sulphate and potassium sulfate per m2. Lime for soil deoxidation should be added two weeks earlier. Before sowing, the ground is leveled with a rake; grooves are made 3-4 cm deep at a distance of 60 cm from each other. It is possible to form a bed 1m wide.
Daikon Sasha seeds should be embedded in a well-moistened soil to a depth of 2-3 cm. Sowing should not be thick, excess shoots should be removed. When thinning leave the strongest plants at a distance of 25 cm from each other. Before sowing, the daikon seeds Sasha are recommended to soak in a disinfectant solution of potassium permanganate in order to prevent the occurrence of diseases.
To obtain seedlings, it is preferable to place the seeds in separate paper cups or peat tablets - this will allow avoiding picking, and, therefore, injury to the roots. Young shoots are placed in the ground, observing the set interval, lightly pressed and covered with a layer of mulch. In case of possible night frosts, the landing of daikon Sasha should be covered with polyethylene or agrofibre.
Daikon varieties Sasha is undemanding in care, which comes down to weeding, regular watering, loosening the soil, fertilizing. The land should always be slightly moist, and during the formation and ripening of root crops, watering should be increased. With a lack of moisture radish gives an arrow, irregular watering can lead to cracking of the fruit, which eliminates its long-term storage. Loosening and weeding are necessary for aerating the daikon roots and preventing diseases. As the fruits grow, they need to be covered with earth. Feeding daikon Sasha should be only once during the growing season - immediately after thinning seedlings. A solution of nitroammofoski - 60 g per 1 l of water is best suited. As a natural alternative, you can use wood ash, a solution of chicken manure (1:20) and fermented grass (1:10).
Harvesting and Storage
Daikon Sasha fruits are harvested as they mature - a month and a half after planting. You can not perederzhivat radish in the ground, can begin shooting, when overriding, and it deteriorates the taste. Works are carried out in favorable weather, in late autumn you need to catch up to the first frost. The roots are removed from the soil, pulling the tops. If you can't do it easily, they are hooked by a shovel or pitchfork. Then daikon varieties Sasha need to be dried, shake off the ground and remove the tops, leaving "tails" 1-2 cm long.
During the harvest, small, overgrown and diseased roots are culled. The longest daikon Sasha is stored in the cellar or basement when immersed in moistened sand. Humidity should be 80-85%, temperature + 1-2 ˚C. In the absence of such premises, it is allowed to store the radish in the refrigerator in a slightly opened plastic bag, on the balcony in boxes with ventilation and insulation. Balcony - the least successful place, due to the fact that there is difficult to control the temperature. It must be remembered that at a temperature below 0 ˚C. Daikon fruits will freeze and become unfit for human consumption, with warming above + 2 ° C, the radish will start to deteriorate.Important! Do not store daikon in close proximity to apples and pears - this affects the taste characteristics of both neighbors.
The shelf life of daikon Sasha depends on the conditions. At room temperature, it does not exceed two weeks, in the refrigerator - 1 month, in cellars - 3 months.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
In general, daikon Sasha rarely gets sick, sometimes affected by fungal, viral and bacterial infections. They are treated by spraying with Bordeaux mixture, tilling the land with lime milk (2 glasses of fluff per 10 liters of water) or a solution of copper sulphate. It is important to detect early signs of infection and take action immediately. If you start the disease, you will have to destroy most of the daikon Sasha crop and completely change the soil. Causes of disease:
- thickened landing;
- high humidity at temperatures above + 30 ° C;
- fertilizers with a high content of nitrates leads to the formation of excess green mass ";
- insect parasites not only damage the plants, but also carry diseases.
In the fight against pests varieties Sasha effective deterrent is feeding daikon slurry. Spraying infusions of tobacco, dope, black henbane, mustard, dusting with ashes are also effective. In extreme cases, insecticides are used, most often "Intavir".
Daikon Sasha - unpretentious culture, the cultivation of which under the force of even a novice gardener. Root crop is widely used in cooking - it is eaten raw, boiled, stewed, pickled. Vegetable contains vitamins B and C, fiber, pectins. It has a high nutritional value with a calorie content of 18 kcal, it is used for diet food. Daikon varieties Sasha should be used with caution in the presence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and gout.