Hawthorn Paul Scarlet - a low, lush shrub that blooms bright large inflorescences. He is considered a real garden decoration. Of all the types of hawthorn - this is the most popular. Blooming Pauls Scarlet is very similar to sakura.
Breeding history and distribution area
Hawthorn Paul Scarlet was grown in England in 1850. And in 1858, he was registered and received all possible awards at the exhibition of plants in Albion. In 2002, a certificate of quality was obtained.
The shrub is common in Great Britain and Western Europe. In Eastern Europe, this is no less a popular culture.
Shrub Paul Scarlet grows to 6 m in height and up to 4 in width. It has a spherical, fluffy crown with spreading, slightly lowered branches. Young shoots are often covered with thorns and down, have a reddish tint. The length of the spines is 2.5 cm.
Rate the beauty of hawthorn Paul Scarlet can be on the photo.
The leaves of the shrub are rather large, emerald green, absolutely smooth, like lacquer, egg-shaped. Appear on a tree in early spring.
Hawthorn flowers Paul Scarlet velvet, scarlet, carmine, rather large. A tree blooms in early May. In early June, the flowers showered. Inflorescences are large, umbrella-shaped.
Fruiting hawthorn Paul Scarlet little. Rare fruits are similar to small red apples of spherical or egg-shaped form.
The root system is powerful and strong. The shoots lie quite deep, sensitive to soil compaction.
Hawthorn Paul Scarlet can be grown throughout Europe, where there is no strong frost. Culture is found even in Siberia and the Far East.
Hawthorn ordinary Pauls Scarlet well acclimatized in urban areas. Prefers open, well-lit areas.
Drought resistance, frost resistance
The Pauls Scarlet variety is distinguished by drought tolerance and frost resistance. This is due to the powerful root system that grows into the deeper layers of the earth. Only young plants and shrubs need watering during the dry season.Important! In severe frosts, the tips of the branches and buds may be frozen.
Disease and Pest Resistance
Pauls Scarlet, with proper care, is not susceptible to pests and diseases. But from garden and fruit plants can become infected.
In summer, Scarlet's hawthorn suffers from aphids and spider mites. At the same time the leaves of the plant turn yellow and curl. If it is not processed in the spring, the rhizome will be undermined by the scoop or May shrimp. In this case, the root will be completely destroyed.
Leaves of a plant strike such diseases: mealy dew, gray decay, a rust.
Planting and caring for hawthorn Paul Scarlet
To land hawthorn Paul Scarlet is quite simple, as well as care for him. But in order for the bush to bloom magnificently and beautifully, it is necessary to do everything correctly.
Hawthorn Paul Scarlet recommend planting in open ground in autumn, in mid-October, before the onset of frost. Warm spring, in mid-April, you can also plant hawthorn, but in the autumn is preferable. The seedling should overwinter and harden.
Choosing the right place and preparing the soil
Hawthorn Paul Scarlet grows well and blooms in open areas in sunny areas. In the penumbra, he also feels rather well, but Pauls Scarlet is not worth shading at all.
Before planting Pauls Scarlet, the soil is carefully loosened and dredged. The depth of the fossa should correspond to the length of the rhizome. The root neck after instillation must be at ground level. The bottom of the pit is covered with a layer of rubble 10 cm. On top of the corresponding layer of sand. This will be drainage. The soil for instillation is mixed with humus, sand and peat in equal parts. You can add 40 g of lime to the soil mixture.
What crops can and should not be planted next
Hawthorn Pauls Scarlet - a tall culture, so it can be planted with all kinds of plants. Avoid planting hawthorn next to trees that can shade it. Good Paul Scarlet grows surrounded by his fellows. Often planted alley flowering hawthorn. The main thing is not to shade it.
In the prepared planting pit with a drainage lower a sapling, roots straighten, a trunk establish strictly vertically. Sleep well with a mixture of soil with peat, sand and humus. Later trampled. After Pauls Scarlet is carefully watered, the soil is loosened.
To the hawthorn Paul Scarlet quickly grew and flourished magnificently, he needs proper and careful care. Feeding and trimming are important components of this procedure.
In open areas, the hawthorn crown is formed correctly and does not need pruning. In the autumn, they perform a sanitary cut of the tree: remove all old shoots and dry branches.
Shrubs older than 10 years old need anti-aging pruning. Perform it in the fall or spring to swell the kidneys. The procedure consists in removing several old branches and thinning the processes.
In order to get a tree from a shrub, the young sapling from the moment of planting pruning the lower branches. Only one strongest branch is left, after a few years it will become a trunk.Important! If the hawthorn is planted for decorative purposes, pruning is carried out both in spring and in autumn, giving the tree the desired shape.
Preparing for the winter
In late autumn, the trunk and lower branches of the hawthorn spiny Pauls s Scarlet wrap. To do this, use burlap or any other insulation in several layers. Top protection tied with rope.
In spite of the fact that the hawthorn of this variety is frost-resistant, the temperature is lower - 20 ° C it does not tolerate. Young shoots and buds may be affected. Particularly carefully should wrap young trees up to 10 years. Later, Pauls Scarlet becomes more resistant to low temperatures.
If the summer is droughty, the hawthorn Pauli needs watering. Carry it out no more than 1 time per month. 1.5-2 buckets of water are poured under one bush. As soon as it is absorbed, the earth is loosened. Young seedlings watered more often: 2 times a month. After the soil has dried, it is recommended to dig up the stalk area.
For plentiful flowering in spring, the Hawthorn Paul Scarlet is poured with fertilizer. Good to use organic dressing. To do this, manure is diluted in a bucket of water and the plant is poured with a mixture. For one bush, you must take 10 liters of solution. Top dressing is made once a month during the whole summer season.
Protection against rodents
In the autumn, the beds around the Paul Scarlet bush are carefully removed from the fallen leaves and wilted plants. After pruning, all plant residues are burned. This will prevent the appearance of rodents in the backyard. Insulation for a tree trunk at the same time serves as protection from animals. If the rodents are already wound up in the garden, put traps on them and lay out the poison.Important! Toxic substances are used carefully so as not to harm other animals and birds.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
Hawthorn Paul Scarlet is attacked by a spider mite and aphid. If the shrub began to drop foliage off-season, and the fallen leaves are dry and twisted, they are damaged by insects.
Scoop and May shrimp attack the root, and in a short period can destroy it. As soon as bugs appeared on the tree crown, it is necessary to spray the foliage with insecticides. Also subject to processing and the trunk.
Rusty spots on the leaves and holes are a sign of aphids. To deal with it is simple. The tree is treated with any effective fungicide.Important! To prevent the appearance of parasites, Hawthorn Paul Scarlet is treated once a month.
Hawthorn ordinary Paul Scarlet susceptible to diseases of fruit trees:
- powdery mildew;
- perforated spotting;
For the prevention of diseases in early spring and late autumn, the plant is treated with fungicides. You can use the popular methods. In the spring, the crown of the hawthorn Paul Scarlet tree is powdered with a mixture of tobacco dust and ash in equal parts.
Application in landscape design
Hawthorn Paul Scarlet used in landscape design as a hedge. Often a beautiful plant serves for the decoration of alleys and rockeries. Decorative hawthorn Pauls Scarlet looks good as a central figure in any flowerbed and in the garden. Lush sprawling plant fits well into the coastal space of natural and artificial water bodies.
Hawthorn Paul Scarlet is a beautiful, unpretentious culture. It can be grown in any region. Effectively Pauls Scarlet looks like a bush and a tree. Pauls Scarlet hawthorn flowers are distinguished not only by their bright appearance, but also by their wonderful aroma. It is rather simple to grow it, and the field of application of a bush as an ornamental plant is quite extensive.
Reviews of hawthorn Paul Scarlet only the most positive. It is difficult to find a person who would not like him.Oleg Yuryevich Moskalenko, 45, Yalta For the first time I saw a hawthorn Pauls Scarlet in a botanical garden. At first I thought it was an Sakura. Later explained that another plant. I was amazed. Immediately I want to have such beauty in my garden. Alla Vasilievna Vlasova, 45, Privolzhsk I have been engaged in the creation of a beautiful garden on my site for over 10 years. I can give the odds to any landscape designer. Hawthorn of all kinds I have a whole collection. Paul Pearl Scarlet is considered her pearl. When it blooms, it is something! Neighbors from all over the street come to see. Valintin Georgievich Lapin, 60 years old, Taganrog. Hawthorn Paul Scarlet planted recently, in the spring should bloom. Autumn quickly began, I was afraid that he would be gone. The plant is quite simple and unpretentious. Although the climate is warm, but the sapling for the winter is wrapped. Suddenly there will be severe frosts, and the bush will die.