Among the great variety of hawthorn varieties, every gardener finds certain preferences for himself. Some people like decorative varieties, but for someone it is preferable to have food and medicinal value. Toba Hawthorn is a new hybrid plant variety that is distinguished by a change in the color of flowers during the season.
History of breeding varieties
Hawthorn Toba was bred in Canada, this variety is not included in the State Register. It is becoming popular because it is unpretentious, frost resistant, perfectly suited to the cold climate of our country.
Since the plant is a hybrid, it is grown exclusively with the help of grafts in order to preserve the varietal characteristics in full.
Description of Hawthorn Toba
This plant is a tree up to 4 meters high. The krone is dense, has the form of a sphere, very beautifully looks as an ornament of a house adjoining site.
In this variety, compared with many others, there is an advantage - there are practically no spines on the shoots. The leaves are broad, egg-shaped, on the outside they are dark green, and on the inside they are light.
In the initial period of flowering buds appear white, then the shade changes first to pale pink, then to a rich pink color.
In a hybrid plant there are no stamens, pistils, and therefore the tree does not bear fruit, only gives flowers. For lovers of hawthorn jam variety is not suitable.
Characteristics of a variety
According to the description of the hawthorn Toba variety, it refers to trees that love the sun. Unpretentious in the care, the fruit gives a minimum amount of small size. Used in landscape design, often as a single plant.
Drought resistance and frost resistance
Frost hawthorn Toba frost slightly lower than other varieties. In Russia, the hybrid feels great in zone 5a. These regions include: Central Russia, the Baltic States, St. Petersburg, Vladivostok, Minsk, Kiev.
The soil for the normal development of the hybrid should be moderately wet. The plant does not require strong watering, waterlogging. It is enough to water 2 times a month in the absence of rain. In the rainy summer, Toba will do without watering.
Yield and fruiting
Fruits are formed in small quantities, very rarely. Often the tree does not bear fruit. On the site it performs an exclusively decorative function, with its pink buds it pleases the eye. When the flowering period begins, the tree resembles a snowy top, white flowers from the side look like a snow cap.
Disease and Pest Resistance
The hybrid variety is more resistant to diseases, fungal and viral lesions. It is worth to protect hawthorn from pests. The hawthorn Toba spider mite, leafworm and apple aphid strikes. That is why experts do not recommend planting apples, pears and other fruit plants near the hawthorn. For prevention, it is good to process wood with fungicides, and a soap solution or a tobacco mixture perfectly helps against pests.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Hawthorn Toba has positive reviews from amateurs and professionals of decorative ornaments. Among the main advantages of the variety:
- no spines;
- beautiful and lush bloom;
- unpretentious care;
- resistance to frost and lack of irrigation.
But there are varieties and disadvantages:
- lack of fruits;
- demanding of light;
- reproduction only by vaccinations.
Most often, this variety is perfect only for landscape design, because the tree still does not give fruit.
Planting hawthorn varieties Toba in the majority does not differ from the standard planting of other varieties of this plant. It is important to choose a sunny open area that will be lit most of the day. It is advisable that there are no high plants casting a shadow, as the Toba variety does not tolerate shade and does not bloom well without the sun.
Grafted hawthorn Toba seedlings can be planted in the fall or spring. But autumn terms until mid-September during the leaf fall period are more acceptable. In this case, the sapling will have time to take root before the first frosts and in the spring will already enter the period of flowering.
Spring terms are optimal before the start of sap flow. It is important that the sapling does not get frost, otherwise it may die.
Choosing the right place and preparing the soil
First of all, soil fertility should be considered. To hawthorn Toba perfectly accustomed and pleased the owners with its flowering, it is necessary to dig a hole and properly prepare the ground. The place should be pre-selected with sufficient lighting, lack of shade, as well as with loose soil. The acidity of the soil should not exceed pH = 8.
The soil must be mixed with humus, peat and be sure to make drainage from broken brick or crushed stone at the bottom of the pit. Drainage layer - 15 cm.
What crops can and should not be planted next
Hawthorn Toba is a very light-loving plant that does not tolerate shade for good flowering. Therefore, it can not be planted next to shady and sprawling trees, as well as in large group plantings. And also you can not plant a hybrid next to fruit crops that have common pests and diseases: apples, pears, plums, cherries.
If not far from the hawthorn beds are broken, then they are good to plant onions and garlic, which will scare the aphids from the ornamental tree.
Selection and preparation of planting material
Hawthorn Toba is a rare variety, and therefore it is distributed only by grafted seedlings. When purchasing such planting material, it is necessary to carefully examine it. All roots must be healthy and free from disease, dryness, lethargy or mildew. All diseased and defective roots should be removed.
The pit should be dug to a depth of 60-80 cm, and in diameter should exceed the volume of the root system. When planting, you need to gently straighten the root system and install the seedling in the center of the planting pit. Sprinkle the ground on top and ram. The root neck should be flush with the ground. After planting under a young plant should be 15 liters of water. Approximately 7 cm should be mulch peat root zone. So the plant will take root faster and will not be affected by freezing.
Aftercare after planting consists in watering, feeding, pruning, as well as proper preparation of the tree for wintering, pest and disease control. But hawthorn care is easy.
Watering is sufficient to ensure once a month, even if the summer is dry. This does not apply to young plants that are just planted. They need to moisturize more often 2-3 times a month. If the weather is rainy, then watering is not needed. Hawthorn does not like too wet soil.
Pruning to carry out sanitary and formative. Sanitary is necessarily carried out after winter, for the destruction of frostbitten shoots. Dried and diseased shoots can be removed at any time of the year, regardless of the season.
To dressing hawthorn Toba is also undemanding. It is enough to fertilize cow dung before starting flowering.
And it is also necessary to loosen the soil cover so that there is more air permeability.
Especially to shelter from the cold for the winter hawthorn is not required. The variety is frost-resistant, and only in the northern regions you need to mulch before the winter the root zone with straw or hay.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
To combat disease, there are several methods. The best option is modern complex fungicides, which can be used not only as a therapeutic agent, but also for prevention. It is important to pay attention in time to the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease: spots, dried leaves, twisted leaves, discoloration and early fall of the cover.
Insecticides can be used as pest control, as well as a soap solution as a preventive measure. Experienced gardeners plant plants near the hawthorn that have insecticidal properties.
Hawthorn Toba in landscape design
Hawthorn Toba in the photo looks no less magnificent than in life. This ornamental plant feels great both in groups and in single plantings. It can be formed in the form of a sphere, a rectangle, and also a pyramid. In landings in large groups, hawthorn Toba should be the largest so as not to lose light.
In solitude it can be used near artificial reservoirs, in the form of figured ornaments, near arbors, as a framing of paths.
Hawthorn Toba is successfully used by both landscape design professionals and novice amateurs. It is only important to remember that the plant needs sunlight and does not tolerate shade. In the care of a rare variety of hawthorn unpretentious, but requires the prevention of diseases and pests. Fruiting should not wait - it is only a decorative copy.