Hawthorn Petarie spur - the leader among other varieties in size spines. The plant got its name due to long, curved, sharp shoots. Therefore, when forming a hedge there is no equal to him. However, not only this variety is valuable. The cockerel spur is an unpretentious and durable hawthorn species.
The natural habitat of hawthorn varieties Petusya spur is considered the southern territory of Canada and the US states: North Carolina, Kansas. The plant can be found on forest edges, river banks, mountain slopes, in valleys. In 1656, the hawthorn of Petushia Spur began to be cultivated in Russia and the countries of Western Europe. It successfully grows in the Baltic States, Ukraine, Lipetsk and Voronezh regions, in colder regions there are cases of freezing. In Central Asia, requires additional watering.
Description of Hawthorn Petus spur
Hawthorn Cockerel spur - a small tree in size, up to 12 m in height. Most often found in the form of large shrubs. The crown is densely branched, spherical in shape, which is low planted, almost flat. Branches grow horizontally, bare, zigzag. The color of the shoots is reddish-brown with a brilliant tint. Diameter of a trunk is 20-30 cm. Bark is ash-gray with a brown shade. The structure is lamellar.
On the hawthorn of the Cockerel Spur there are numerous spikes 3-10 cm long. On older branches, spines are branched, growing to 20 cm.
The foliage is ovoid or oval, with 3 or 4 pairs of lobes. Sheet size is 4-10 cm long and up to 3 cm wide. The base is cut, broadly clavicular. The tip is pointed. Leaves at first strongly lowered, gradually becoming bare. Over time, the pubescence remains only on the veins. Along the edge of the foliage has a jagged edging. In summer, the leaves are leathery, dark green with a glossy shine. In the autumn season they are painted in red or orange. 1-2 cm long scape
The hawthorn variety Petushia Spur blooms in large inflorescences of 12-15 flowers each. They do not have pubescence. The size of the corolla in diameter is 1.5 cm. The sepals are red, triangular-lanceolate. When the fruit is bent down. Stamens 10 pieces.
Fruits of the hawthorn variety Petushya are spherical, greenish-brown, at the time of ripening they become pale red with a slight bluish bloom. The flesh is somewhat dry, dense, orange hue. The ripe fruit feels tart, astringent taste. They remain on the tree throughout the cold season.Attention! Inside the hawthorn fruit of the Cockerel spur there are 2 smooth bones of brown color.
Hawthorn Cockerel spur has a number of different decorative forms:
- dwarf - almost prostrate shrub;
- narrow-leaved - with elegant linear-lanceolate leaves;
- bezkolyuchkovaya - shoots are devoid of thorns;
- large-fruited - with brightly colored fruits up to 2.5 cm in diameter.
Drought resistance and frost resistance
The hawthorn Cocksmith spur observed relative winter hardiness. Frost resistance zone "5a". In cold areas, winter shelter is required. Meanwhile, the plant tolerates urban conditions, air pollution. Wind resistant grade. Hawthorn Petkey spur drought-resistant, does not require additional watering.
Yield and fruiting
Flowering period hawthorn varieties Petuschia spur begins in June. The period of fruiting begins in September-October. Ripe berries have a rich, lasting aroma. Suitable for human consumption. From hawthorn fruit Petus spur prepare jelly, make compotes, jelly, dry, eat fresh berries.Attention! Hawthorn berries Petkey spur contain a large amount of vitamins and biologically active components, therefore, used as a medicinal raw material.
Resistance to diseases and pests
The main enemies of the hawthorn variety of Petkey Spur are; cherries apple and comma-like - affect the branches and trunk; apple-louse, leafblock, apple creeper, haws, ringed silkworm, stripped off - harm foliage. The most acute hawthorn Petuschia spur tolerates powdery mildew and foliage rust.
Advantages and disadvantages
The hawthorn variety Petushia Spur, like other varieties of this family, has certain strengths and weaknesses. The advantages should include:
- drought tolerance;
- undemanding to the growing environment;
- resistance to diseases and pests;
- regular fruiting;
- suitable for hedge;
- resistant to gas and strong winds.
- slow growth of seedlings;
- the first fruiting occurs at the age of 10-15 years;
- poorly tolerated pruning;
- spiked bark;
- relative frost resistance.
The hawthorn of the Cockerel variety spur is a non-capricious plant, it can grow in any conditions. The main thing - to perform the procedure of landing. Compliance with all the nuances will allow the culture to maintain decorative durability up to 40-50 years:
It is recommended to plant the hawthorn of the Cockerel variety spur in the fall, in the period of leaf fall. However, spring planting is also acceptable. Only the shrub needs to be planted before the start of sap flow.
Planting in the fall is considered more successful. Before frost, the root system is able to get stronger, to adapt to the new soil. During the winter, gaining strength for the further process of vegetation. As a rule, the tree planted in the autumn, in the spring is already blooming.
Choosing the right place and preparing the soil
Hawthorn Petus spur develops better, richly blooms and bears fruit in well-drained, sandy or loamy soils. Do not forget about the sunlight, which in the area should be a lot. Meanwhile, the plant is able to grow in partial shade. Open areas protected from wind will work best.
In a group planting, hawthorn of Petushia spur is planted at a distance of 2-5 m, and in the alleys - 5-6 m. The best age for planting a tree for a permanent place is 3-5 years, older plants suffer from transplantation quite strongly.
Before planting in advance fertilize the soil. To seal the pit connect sod land, humus, peat and sand in proportions of 2: 2: 1: 1. In addition, in the planting mixture, you can add manure and the upper part of the soil. The desired soil acidity pH 7.5-8. It is worth noting that the soft hawthorn has a highly branched, powerful, long root system. This factor must be considered when forming the recess.Attention! The soil must contain lime.
What crops can and should not be planted next
Living, well-formed hedges prefer to plant on the border areas. But for the fence of orchards, where pears or apples are planted, the hawthorn variety Petushya Spur cannot be used. Since these plants have the same pests, and such action will complicate the subsequent control of parasites.
Selection and preparation of planting material
For planting it is advisable to choose a 2-3 year old sapling. Their height depends on the type of planting: for a two-row hedge, seedlings with a height of 1-1.5 m are suitable; for a single row, they are needed larger. It is important that the plants have the same developed root system and the aerial part. If you plan to plant stand-alone trees, then the planting material should be up to 2 m in height and under the age of 5 years.
Before planting a hawthorn sapling, the Cockerel spur shortens the lateral branches and the tip by ½ the length of the growth, aligning it with the total length of the plant. Remove broken roots, too long pruned.Tip! To improve survival, the hawthorn seedling root system of the Cockerel spur is dipped in a mixture of clay and cow manure.
- At the selected site dig a hole the size of 70x70 cm.
- At the bottom of it lay a drainage layer of broken brick, rubble or expanded clay, 15 cm thick.
- 30-40 g of lime or 50 g of phosphate rock are also sent to the pit.
- Sapling hawthorn varieties Petusya spur is placed in the center of the recess and sprinkled with earth. The root collar is not deeply deepened, it should be 3-5 cm above the ground.
- Ground around the roots carefully poured and rammed.
- In the end, you need to water the young hawthorn of the Cocks spit with warm water.
- At the end of the planting, the near-stem circle is mulched with peat.
Hawthorn varieties Petuschia spur easy to clean. Only simple rules and preventive measures apply.
The hawthorn variety Petkey spur is a drought-resistant plant. In cool weather it will be enough to pour 10 liters of water under the bush. This volume is enough for a month not to water it at all, since excessive moisture can lead to rotting of the roots and the death of the plant itself. On hot days, the hawthorn of the Cockerel spur should be moistened up to 3 times per month.
After moistening, loosen the soil to a depth of 15 cm. Weeds should be removed regularly. In the autumn, dig around the perimeter of the crown.
In early spring, they carry out preventive pruning, removing dry, diseased, damaged branches. The tree is thinned, providing access to air and light. The branches growing up are also shortened.
Shrub hawthorn varieties Petus spur can ruin severe frosts. In places with a harsh climate, it is recommended to cover the root system. To do this, as a rule, use a mulch layer of hay, straw, dry leaves. Cover the near-barrel circle with a layer thickness of 10-15 cm.
For proper development and obtaining a decent harvest of berries, hawthorn varieties Petuschia spur must be nourished. Fertilizer is recommended 2 times per season. The first time in early spring before the growing season, using nitrophoska. The second time is to use slurry during the flowering, 8 liters under the tree.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
In order to maintain the decorative qualities and obtain abundant flowering in the hawthorn variety Petuschia Spur, it is necessary to promptly identify the lesions and take measures to eliminate them. Insect pest control implies:
- processing soap, tobacco solution - from aphids, flaps;
- 0.1% metaphos, 0.3% karbofos - from apple shchitovki, sheet blocks, silkworms;
- colloidal sulfur solution saves from ticks and haws.
Spraying with systemic fungicides can best deal with fungal diseases.Attention! When using chemicals should strictly follow the instructions on the package.
Application in landscape design
The hawthorn of the Cockerel variety has an attractive appearance all year round. In spring, they are pleased with delicate flowering, in summer - with fruits with various colors, in autumn the foliage changes shades, becoming red, orange, yellow, in winter - a compact crown. The shrub is often used as a hedge, thanks to its long spines and good tenacity. Planted as detached trees or group. Hawthorn Petkey spur looks great as an element of landscape composition for alleys plantings, forest sparse plantations.
Hawthorn Petkey spur is widely used for landscaping urban parks, squares, garden plots. And this is no accident, because the plant is durable, durable, decorative, undemanding to the composition of the soil. A number of useful qualities provide him well-deserved popularity.