Among the many varieties of onions in gardeners, winter varieties are popular, as they yield earlier. Shakespeare's bow has a number of advantages over many winter varieties both in terms of care and yield.
History of breeding varieties
Directly onions appeared another 4 thousand years BC. The homeland of this cultivated plant is China. But Shakespeare's onion is a variety of Dutch breeding. In Russia, the variety appeared quite recently, but has already gained a certain popularity. Breeders cultivated a variety that is intended solely for planting in the fall; when planted in the spring, the crop is much smaller. Sow this variety sevke.
Shakespeare's onion is a winter variety that has a bulb mass of about 100 grams. Another advantage is the early ripening.
The bulb is round in shape, covered with round solid yellow-brown scales. The flesh of the fruit is white, rather juicy, the taste is semi-sharp. It is not inclined to bolting, which strongly distinguishes it from other winter varieties.
Characteristics of winter onions Shakespeare
There are several main characteristics that characterize Shakespeare's winter onions and give it positive feedback. First of all, it is an early ripe variety, which gives the crop one of the first among all known varieties of winter onions. The bulbs have excellent taste.
With proper care and competent agrotechnology, after 70 days after the first shoots, the crop can be harvested. The yield of onions is 3.5 kg / m2 . The fruit has a dense shell, which helps to endure strong frosts. This allows you to grow considered onions, even in the conditions of the Siberian winter. Perfectly transfers frosts to - 18 ° C.
Resistance to diseases and pests
Onions for the winter Shakespeare is perfect for novice gardeners, because it is resistant to most diseases and pests. But the onion fly still affects the plant, and therefore preventive measures should be taken.
Important! When growing onions on the pen can not use pesticides.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The Shakespeare variety of winter onions has a number of advantages for which gardeners appreciate this variety.
Advantages of the variety:
- Sevok do not need to be stored until spring;
- matures much earlier sown in the spring;
- excellent taste;
- resistance to the formation of arrows;
- resistance to common onion diseases.
The only drawback of onion Shakespeare can be considered the shelf life, but this applies to all winter varieties.
Planting and care of winter onions Shakespeare
In order to collect the maximum yield, it is necessary to follow the rules of agrotechnology. Shakespeare has set winter onions because it is winter, because it is not recommended to plant it in spring. It is important to observe the deadlines and properly prepare the land. The terms, first of all, depend on the climatic conditions of the region where the planting takes place.
When to plant winter onions Shakespeare
Planting time each year may vary depending on air temperature and soil. This is usually the end of October and the beginning of November. If the onion is planted too early, it will lead to early germination and subsequent freezing. With a late planting the onion will not have time to give roots before the onset of winter. The air temperature should be +5 ° C. At the same time to a temperature of 0 ° C should remain approximately 2 weeks. Onion sets of the Shakespeare variety, winter is taking root and growing even in Siberia, but according to reviews it is important to plant it a few weeks before the frost, so that it does not freeze and take root.
When to plant Shakespeare's winter onions in Siberia
For landing in Siberia requires earlier terms. Before the onset of severe frosts, it should take at least a month after landing. Therefore, in Siberia, the landing period is determined approximately in the middle of October or slightly earlier.
Preparation of beds
It is advisable to prepare beds for planting in advance so as not to do this in the cold. First of all, the ground must be dug up and cleaned of the remnants of previous landings. To improve soil fertility, you can use humus, potassium salt, superphosphate. As well as to increase the nutritional value of the soil, wood ash is perfect, but with fertilizers containing nitrogen, you should be careful. And it is also forbidden to use fresh manure.
Place onion beds, it is desirable to choose sunny and dry. The beds are made 15-20 cm high. Furrows for planting are made at a distance of 15 cm. Plant the bulbs to a depth of 3 cm.
How to plant Shakespeare's bow before winter
Initially, the seed should be disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate for 10 minutes. This will be the prevention of many diseases and will strengthen the sevok before planting. Then dry the bulbs thoroughly and only then start planting. You can plant one onion, but also for this variety it is permissible to plant nests of 3-4 sets in one hole. If it is planted deeper than 3 cm, in spring it will be difficult for it to climb, and on surface planting it can freeze in winter.
When growing it is important to comply with basic requirements for watering, feeding and care. Then the yield will be as high as possible. After planting the onion must be mulched. In winter, make sure there is enough snow on the beds. In the spring of mulch should be removed, and then fall asleep in the beds with a thin layer of ash.
Watering. After planting, the vegetable does not need watering. In the spring there is enough natural precipitation, and therefore the soil is already wet. The first watering is needed no sooner than in the first half of May. The characteristics of Shakespeare's onions show that he is unpretentious in the care, but you still need to monitor enough moisture.
Top dressing. The first time the soil needs to be fed while the bulb begins to ripen. The second feeding - after 14 days. Potash phosphate fertilizers are excellent for this. The best option will be to apply fertilizer in liquid form, since it is better absorbed.
Be sure to weed the bed, so that the weeds do not interfere with the plant to grow and develop. And also be sure to loosen the soil, because the bulbs need air access.
Harvesting and storage
Approximately 2.5 months after the emergence of shoots, you can begin to harvest onions of Shakespeare. Bulbs dig in using forks. Soil the bulbs and spread out the crop in the open air. Then the crop is transferred under a canopy to finally dry, until the neck of the bulbs dry out. At this point, you need to cut off the roots and remnants of the stem.
If you put the crop in a cool place, it will be able to survive up to six months. The room should be completely dry and without signs of mold on the walls. Increased humidity will not allow the crop to survive.
Methods for breeding onions
The main breeding method for the Shakespeare variety is the use of a seed set. Sevok can be of various sizes, depending on the goals of cultivation. Very small bulbs up to 1 cm are used to obtain a crop with the longest shelf life. If you use sevok larger diameter, it is possible to get a good feather for spring use.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
The most common pest is the onion fly. To fight it, you can plant marigolds around the beds, which will scare off the pest. When the first signs of any disease appear, it is necessary to treat the plant with fungicides. Also useful is the treatment with copper oxychloride. In more severe cases, systemic fungicides will work.
Shakespeare's onion is a winter variety of Dutch selection. It is also grown on the territory of Russia due to its frost resistance. Unpretentious in the care and resistant to many diseases. It has excellent taste. When planting, it is important to observe the time and time to frost, so that sevok rooted. Shakespeare's winter onions are also suitable for growing in Siberia with proper care.
ReviewsGolikov Alexander Ruslanovich, 39 years old, OmskSad Shakespeare's winter onion began 3 years ago. I accidentally found out about this variety and decided to try it. Among the advantages, I note that it tolerates winters well, is very tasty and does not require constant care. Cons have not yet found. But it should be planted strictly before winter, somehow planted it in the spring along with the spring crop, the harvest was quite small.
Ivanov Petr Aleksandrovich, 53 years old, St. Petersburg. At the dacha I always plant winter onions in order to have the first harvest earlier. Recently I learned about Shakespeare and decided to try it. I was satisfied, because he endured the winter well, and went up together. The spring was very rainy, and therefore the beds were watered the first time in June. Two and a half months after the first shoot, he was already digging the crop. I liked the taste, because the sharpness was just in moderation, even the grandchildren ate with pleasure.Bolshak Ekaterina Anatolyevna, 40 years old, Western Dvina Almost all vegetables are grown in the garden, I don’t buy anything. Among the many varieties of onions that I have tried, I prefer Shakespeare. This is an unpretentious variety, rarely sick, the only danger - onion fly. But I planted calendula all over the garden, so the harvest was healthy. The shelf life also suits me perfectly - half a year in my cellar weighs in a wicker and does not deteriorate.