Malina Senator is a productive variety intended for farms and garden plots. The variety was bred by Russian breeder V.V. Kichina. The berries have good marketable properties: large size, dense flesh, transportability. Due to the high cold resistance of the plant endure harsh winters.
Description of the raspberry variety Senator:
- medium maturity;
- height up to 1.8 m;
- lack of thorns;
- slightly sprawling bush;
- smooth and powerful shoots;
- high ability to form shoots;
- 10-12 berries ripen on each shoot.
Characteristic of Senator berries:
- large sizes;
- red-orange color;
- shiny surface;
- conical raspberry shape;
- sweet and sour taste;
- average weight up to 7-12 g, maximum - 15 g;
- thick flesh.
The yield of the Senator variety reaches 4.5 kg of berries from a bush. Fruits are easily removed from the bush, do not crumble after ripening, not prone to decay. Variety Senator belongs to the winter-hardy, without shelter is experiencing winter frosts down to -35 ° C.
Fruits tolerate transportation, suitable for freezing and processing. Raspberries are used to make jam, jams, compotes, and also use fresh berries.
Raspberry varieties Senator planted on the prepared plot. Before planting, soil is fertilized with organic matter or minerals. Senator seedlings are purchased from reliable suppliers or obtained independently from the mother plant.
When buying raspberry seedlings, Senator should contact nurseries. Quality seedlings have a developed root system and several shoots with buds.
If the raspberry Senator is planted on the site, the variety is propagated in any of the following ways:
- root suckers;
- division of the bush.
In the spring, root shoots are selected with a height of up to 10 cm and separated from the bush. Plants are transplanted to a separate bed, provide them with regular watering. Autumn raspberries transferred to a permanent place.
For reproduction of raspberry, the Senator takes the rhizome by cuttings and divide it into strips 8 cm long. Cuttings are planted in trenches, covered with earth and watered abundantly. During the season shoots will appear, which are transplanted to the selected place in the fall.
At one place raspberry Senator grows no more than 10 years. When transplanting new plants are obtained by dividing the uterine bush. The sections are treated with charcoal, then the material is planted in the ground.
Raspberry Senator prefers illuminated places that are not exposed to wind. Yield and the taste of berries depend on access to sunlight.
Under raspberry decoy flat area. In the lowlands often accumulates moisture, which adversely affects the development of shoots. At elevation, the soil dries faster.Tip! Raspberries grow well on light loamy soils.
Raspberries are not grown after strawberries, potatoes, tomatoes, peppers and eggplants. The best predecessors are representatives of legumes and grains. When growing raspberries on a plot, a replanting of the crop is permissible no earlier than after 5 years.
Before planting the culture, it is recommended to grow siderats: lupine, phacelia, rye, oats. 2 months before the work, the plants are dug up, crushed and buried in the ground to a depth of 25 cm. Siderats enrich the soil with useful substances.
A month before planting, they dig up the plot. 6 kilograms of compost and 200 g of complex fertilizer per 1 sq. M. m
Raspberry varieties Senator planted in autumn or early spring. When planted in late September, the plants will have time to adapt to new conditions before the onset of cold weather. The sequence of work does not depend on the selected landing time.
Planting Raspberry Senator:
- Under the bushes prepare trenches or planting holes with a diameter of 40 cm and a depth of 50 cm.
- Plant roots are placed for 3 hours in a growth stimulator.
- Part of the soil poured into the pit, put a raspberry seedling on top.
- The roots are covered with soil, compacted and left around the plant for watering.
- Raspberry plentifully watered.
Young plants are demanding of moisture. Landings are watered, and the ground is mulched with straw or humus.
Raspberry Senator provide the necessary care, which is watering, feeding and pruning. Plants react positively to the introduction of organic matter and mineral solutions into the soil. To protect the variety from diseases and pests spend spraying bushes.
High cold resistance allows the raspberry Senator to endure winter frosts. Autumn care is preventive pruning shoots.
Regular watering provides high yield varieties Senator. However, the stagnation of moisture leads to decay of the root system, which does not gain access to oxygen.
In accordance with the description of the raspberry, the Senator does not tolerate drought. With a prolonged absence of moisture, the ovaries fall, and the fruits become shallow and lose their taste.Tip! Especially important is watering during flowering and the formation of ovaries.
For irrigation use warm water, which is settled in barrels. Raspberry Senator is watered in the morning or evening period. On average, moisture is applied every week. In hot weather requires more frequent watering.
After making moisture loosen the soil and weed weed. Mulching of soil with humus, peat or straw helps reduce the frequency of watering. In the fall, produce abundant watering, helping the plants to winter.
When using fertilizers while planting raspberries, the Senator is provided with nutrients for 2 years. In the future, the plants are fed annually.
In early spring planting poured slurry. The fertilizer contains nitrogen, which helps to grow new shoots. In the summer of nitrogen fertilizing is better to abandon, to ensure fruiting.
In the summer, raspberry Senator is fed with superphosphate and potassium sulphate. At 10 liters of water measure 30 g of each fertilizer. Plants are watered with the solution obtained during flowering and the formation of berries.
Universal fertilizer for raspberries - wood ash. It contains potassium, phosphorus and calcium. Ashes are added to the water the day before watering, or buried in the soil during loosening. In the summer of planting, you can feed the bone meal.
According to the description of the variety and photo, Raspberry Senator is a tall plant. To keep the shoots from falling to the ground, a trellis is installed in a raspberry jam. When located on a trellis shoots evenly illuminated by the sun, planting does not thicken, simplified care of plants.
The construction procedure of the tapestry:
- Along the edges of the rows with raspberries install supports made of metal or wood up to 2 m high. You can use iron pipes and rods of small diameter.
- If necessary, put additional supports every 5 m.
- Between the supports pull the wire at a height of 60 cm and 120 cm from the surface of the earth.
- The shoots are placed on the trellis in the form of a fan and fastened with string.
In the spring at the raspberry, the Senator pruned frozen branches to healthy buds. Broken and dry shoots also eliminate. Up to 10 branches are left on the bush, the rest are cut out at the root.Tip! Cut branches burned to eliminate insect larvae and pathogens.
In autumn, two-year-old branches are removed, on which the harvest has ripened. The procedure is better not to delay and hold after harvesting the berries. Then until the end of the season on the bushes will release new shoots.
Diseases and pests
Raspberry varieties Senator resistant to major diseases of the culture. With timely care, the risk of developing diseases is reduced to a minimum. Raspberries are regularly eliminating weeds, pruning old and diseased shoots.
Raspberries are attacked by gall midges, aphids, weevil, spider mites. For pests use chemical preparations karbofos and Aktellik. Treatments are carried out before the beginning of the growing season and at the end of the season.
In the summer, for preventive purposes, raspberries are sprayed with infusions of onion peel or garlic. To keep the product longer on the leaves, you need to add chopped soap. Pests are also deterred by spraying wood ash or tobacco dust.
Gardeners reviewsVasily, 49, Tver Acquired raspberries Senator after studying the description of the variety, photos and reviews. The variety showed itself well in the first year after planting. I collect a good harvest of large berries. A lot of double berries come across. Taste is an amateur, there is sourness. In hot weather, raspberries become sweeter. The variety mainly goes for jam and other homemade preparations.
Elizaveta, 32, Orenburg For a long time I chose raspberries for growing on my own plot. According to the description of the variety and photos attracted the attention of raspberry Senator. After planting, she regularly took care of the plants: she watered in the heat, fed with wood ash. Bushes with straight shoots, grow well without tying. Berries are not showered, sweet to the taste. Compared to other varieties, the Senator is the clear leader in terms of yield.Oksana, 55, Irkutsk Three years ago, she planted raspberries Senator, focusing on the description of the variety, photos and reviews. Excellent grade, ripens in average terms. The berries are large and beautiful, elongated. The taste is very pleasant, the drupes are almost not felt. Reliable and productive grade for giving. Berries better to shoot immediately after ripening. With prolonged rains raspberries lose their taste.
For raspberry, Senator is characterized by good berry flavor and high yield. Fruits have a universal use, are stored for a long time, suitable for freezing and processing. Care of a grade. The senator means regular watering, as the plant does not tolerate drought. Several times during the planting season, they are fed with minerals or organic matter.