Decorative plum - a tree with an unusual red foliage, interesting not only for its tasty fruits, but also for its attractive appearance. It is worth studying the description of the red plum with a photo and evaluate its merits.
Meet the decorative plum with red leaves
Choosing the first trees for their garden, most gardeners do not think about their appearance - the main role is played by tasty fruits. However, over time, there is a need for beauty - and then the red-leaf ornamental plum comes to the rescue.
The leaves of the ornamental plum are not green, like most trees, but rich red-purple. Therefore, in the garden the plant performs the role of a bright accent. If the decorative plum with red leaves is high and sprawling, it stands out against other trees, and if it is squat and short, it can border them or serve as a hedge.
What are the varieties of red plum
Plum with maroon leaves is divided into many varieties, but they are usually combined into four large varieties:
- Spread out.
- Ornamental purpornolistnuyu.
- Plum Hollywood.
The line of hybrids "Russian plum"
Especially popular in the middle lane are varieties of decorative plum Russian, obtained from the crossing of southern plum with Ussuri or Chinese plum.
The red leaf of this variety is a tree up to 4 - 5 m in height, with a thinned, but sprawling crown, with large leaves of a rich red color. Plum with red leaves and pink flowers of a dark shade bears fruit in the middle of August. Scarlet sails have a dark crimson color and medium weight - each fruit weighs about 25 g.
Among the advantages of the Scarlet Sails - high resistance to negative temperatures and drought, low susceptibility to fungal diseases. The tree gives abundant crops and bears fruit every year, however, it belongs to the category of self-productive. For Scarlet Sails, Chinese plum varieties Skoroplodnaya and Red Ball, as well as Cherry plum, can become pollinators.
This decorative variety of Russian plum is distinguished by its small size - 1.3 - 2 m. Crohn is rounded-flat, thick, leaves are dark red throughout the summer period. Plum with pink flowers gives large crimson fruit, each of which can weigh up to 40 g.
The red leaf variety Lama was developed especially for cultivation in the middle lane, so it tolerates cold temperatures of up to - 35 degrees. Light spring frosts are not terrible for tree shoots, the variety has increased resistance to pests and diseases.
Lama is a self-infesting decorative plum, therefore pollinators are required for annual high yields. For this variety, Chinese plums and cherry plum with flowering in mid-May are well suited - for example, Vitba, Mara and Asaloda.
Russian Plum Early - large tree up to 7 m in height with a rounded crown, large red leaves with jagged edges and a brown underside of the leaf. Possesses equally good resistance to frost, diseases and pests, brings abundant yields of fruits of dark red color.
The tree, like most plum varieties, is self-productive, therefore it requires pollinators, for the role of which plum and Chinese plums with early flowering are ideal.
Another decorative variety of red leaves is Nigra, a low tree with an oval crown. Young leaves have a ruby color, adults - dark purple. Red plum blooms with pink flowers in late April or early May, even before the foliage appears on the branches. In late August, brings dark red round fruit.
It tolerates frosts below - 30 degrees and summer drought, does not break under the wind, rarely suffers from diseases typical of fruit trees. A pollinator for a variety can be a plum Eurasia or a homemade Hungarian.
Spread plum belongs to the category of red-leaved trees of high and medium growth with abundant and fast fruiting - the first crops from it are harvested as early as 2 years after planting. As a rule, varieties of plum splayed are intended for cultivation in a warm climate.
The shrub variety of the red plum called Hesei first releases the foliage of the usual green color - but then the leaves turn purple with a pink or cream border around the edges. The variety blooms with white flowers at the end of April, before or at the same time as the foliage blooms. Brings sweet and sour little red fruit.
The variety has a low frost resistance and tolerates negative temperatures only up to - 28 degrees. Of diseases, it remains dangerous for black or perforated spotting. To receive the fruit, it is necessary to plant a row of spread plums with similar flowering periods.
Iranian plum variety up to 6 m high with dark purple leaves and red shoots. Pissardi - decorative plum with pink flowers, blooms in early spring before the foliage blooms. In August, it gives abundant fruits of pink color - on condition that other varieties of splayed red leafed plum with flowering were planted next to it in late April for pollination.
Frost resistance in the Pissardi variety is not very high - from - 20 to - 28 degrees. But the tree is highly resistant to disease.
This decorative variety was obtained by breeding sand cherries and Pisardi red list plum. The dwarf plant grows to only 2 m, and at the same time it grows very slowly, so that the cysten plum is often referred to as a shrub with a kolonovidnoy crown. The leaves are elongated, rounded and jagged, dark purple from the underside and red-purple on top.
Tsistena krasnolistnaya blooms in early spring with white flowers with a red core, and at the end of summer brings fruit - dark purple small drupes. If you plant nearby other varieties of low red-leaved plums, Cisten will be pleased with abundant crops.
The frost resistance of the variety is low, therefore it is not recommended to dilute the cysten in cold regions. But the variety is quite resistant to diseases and pests.
Decorative purple plum plum: photo + description
For the decoration of the garden is ideally suited for the decorative purple-leaved plum - shrub reaching 1.5 in height, with elongated lanceolate leaves. At the very beginning, the foliage of a plum shrub has a dark red color, then as it grows it can turn into a dark brown shade. Decorative purple purpurea leaves produce white or light pink flowers simultaneously with the appearance of foliage, and at the end of September brings a harvest of dark red fruits.
Planting a plum is best in windless, sunny places, in well-drained, slightly alkaline or acidified soil. Winter hardiness in the bush is high.
Variety of red plum "Hollywood"
One of the most popular varieties of krasnolistnyh - Hollywood. Plum tree reaches several meters in height, different sprawling sparse crown, which is formed by dark red shoots and red leaves. Hollywood blooms white flowers. Attractive is not only the appearance of the plant, which can be estimated from a photo of a plum with red leaves. The variety also produces fruits with purple-red tasty fruits in the middle of August.
During the yield period, Hollywood enters the 5th year after planting, gives juicy and sweet fruit. The best pollinators for the self-productive variety will be the collective farm Renklod and Mirnaya plum.
Important! The Hollywood variety has good winter hardiness, tolerates moisture deficiency and is not susceptible to fungal diseases.
The nuances of growing decorative plum
Varieties of plums with burgundy leaves can be quite different from each other - it is quite difficult for them to formulate uniform rules of care. But common nuances still exist.
- Decorative plums do not like too wet soil, planted better in the soil with a neutral level of acidity.
- Before planting, organic fertilizers, humus and superphosphate, must be applied in the pit for the seedling, which will feed the plant in the first 3 years of life.
- After entering the yield time, red-leaved plums are regularly fed with mineral fertilizers and organic matter. In the spring it is necessary to make nitrogen fertilizers, in the summer - a solution of mullein and potassium. In autumn, the ground around trees and shrubs is dug up and also flavored with humus.
- It is necessary to water decorative plums as necessary - it is impossible to allow the soil to dry out. Usually every 1 to 2 months with moderate rainfall under the roots brings 4 to 5 buckets of water.
Decorative plum with red leaves necessarily need pruning, which is carried out annually. Red-leaved trees and especially shrubs tolerate cutting, crowns are given a rounded, sparse or vase-like shape.Attention! Decorative red leaf plums also require sanitary pruning - the timely removal of all dry and weakened parts. Otherwise, the plant may suffer from diseases and pests.
Decorative plum with red leaves is a great decoration for any garden. It is mainly used as an element of the landscape, but in the presence of pollinators, red-leaved varieties will produce stable yields.