Blueberry Bluegold is a promising variety adapted to the Russian climate. When growing crops pay attention to the quality of the soil and care.
Tall blueberries Blugold bred in 1989 in the United States. The author of the variety was the famous breeder Arlen Draper. When working on the variety used tall forms of blueberries, growing and marshy areas of North America.
Description of berry culture
Blueberry Bluegold has a number of features that distinguish it from other varieties.
General idea of the variety
Blueberry is a perennial deciduous shrub. The root system is fibrous and branched, located at a depth of 40 cm.
Description of Tall Blueberry Bluegold:
- bush height up to 1.2 m;
- a large number of upright shoots;
- strong branches with a diameter of 2.5-3 cm;
- leaves are simple, elliptical.
In late August, the leaves of the shrub begin to change color. By the end of September the bush is covered with claret leaves.
Taste appears simultaneously with the ripening of berries. And they are painted much earlier maturation. Fruits are easily separated from the stem, in the ripeness stage they often fall off.
Fruits of the Bluegold variety are light blue in color and round in shape. Berries of medium size, with a diameter of 15-18 mm, weight - up to 2.1 g. Juice has no pronounced color. The pulp contains many seeds.
Fruits of Bluegold variety taste sweet and sour. The sugar content is 9.6%. Tasting score - 4.3 points.
Photos of Bluegold Blueberry:
According to its characteristics, Bluegold blueberry variety stands out among other varieties of this crop. Special attention deserves winter hardiness and yield varieties.
The garden blueberry Blyugold differs in average resistance to a drought. Watering the bushes is one of the conditions for fruiting the crop.
The variety Bluegold is highly resistant to winter frosts. According to American experts, the bushes can withstand a temperature drop to -29 ... -35 ° C.Important! Blueberry flowers can tolerate frosts down to -7 ° C.
When growing crops in cold climates, there is a slight freezing of shoots. In the spring the bush is quickly restored. Frosting does not have a serious impact on the growth and productivity of bushes.
Berries are well tolerated transportation due to the dense skin. It is better to store and transport blueberries at low temperatures.
When following the rules of planting and caring for blueberries, Bluegold bushes bring a stable crop. The grade is considered one of the most unpretentious and is recommended for cultivation to the beginning gardeners.
The Blyugold variety is suitable for growing in the middle lane, in the North Caucasus, the Urals, Siberia and the Far East.
Flowering period and ripening time
Blueberry Bluegold begins to bloom in early June and ends at the end of the month. Variety fruits in medium or late dates, depending on the region of cultivation. The berries ripen in early August.
Yield indicators, terms of fructification
The first crop brings a variety for 4 years after planting. Regular fruiting begins at 6 year. From one blueberry bush varieties Bluegold collected from 4.5 to 7 kg of berries.
Productivity varieties Blugold stable. Fruiting period: from the beginning to the end of August.
Scope of berries
Blueberries are used fresh, including for decorating confectionery, cooking desserts and vitamin tea.
Harvested berries are frozen or dried for long-term storage. Of them prepare jam, juice, compotes, jams, fillings for baking.
Disease and Pest Resistance
The variety Blyugold has an average resistance to diseases and pests. The variety is susceptible to mummification of berries and needs additional preventive treatments.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Benefits of growing blueberry bluegold:
- dense pulp;
- long storage;
- high yield;
- resistance to winter frosts.
Disadvantages variety Blyugold:
- high growth rate;
- fruits peel off after ripening;
- baking berries in the heat.
Under the rules of planting, blueberries grow quickly and bring high yields.
It is recommended to plant a crop in spring. During the growing season, the bushes will have time to adapt to the new place. In warm regions, autumn planting is allowed.
Choosing the right place
Bluegold blueberries grow well in illuminated areas protected from the wind. Culture does not tolerate moisture stagnation, so the bushes are planted on a high or level place.
Culture prefers acidic soil with a pH of 4.0 - 5.0. For planting, a soil mixture consisting of high peat, sawdust, sand and fallen needles is prepared. In heavy clay soil, the drainage layer is necessarily settled.
Selection and preparation of seedlings
Saplings of the Bluegold grade are purchased in nurseries. The root system should not contain damage, mold and other defects. Before planting the roots of blueberry immersed in water for 2 hours. Sapling with a closed root system watered.
Algorithm and landing pattern
The order of planting varieties Blugold:
Dig a hole 60 cm in diameter and 50 cm deep. 1 m is left between the bushes.
Put crushed stone and prepared soil mixture at the bottom.
Plant blueberries in the ground.
Abundantly pour the seedling and mulch the ground bark, pine sawdust or peat.
Subsequent care for the culture
With constant care for blueberry Blyugold, its bushes are actively developing and bring a high yield.
For culture, excess and stagnation of moisture is destructive. Bushes require moderate watering.
In early spring, Bluegold blueberries are fed with ammonium sulfate (100 g per shrub), potassium (40 g) and magnesium (15 g). Every 7-10 days, the culture is watered with a solution of colloidal sulfur (1 g per 1 l of water).
So that the roots assimilate useful substances better, they loosen the soil. To reduce the number of watering helps mulch the soil with sawdust or peat.
Bushes over 6 years old need regular pruning. The procedure allows to eliminate the thickening and increase the yield.
Be sure to eliminate root shoots and branches older than 6 years. 3-5 shoots are left on the bush.
Preparing for the winter
Blyugold variety tolerates the winter without shelter. The bush is fed with superphosphate (100 g). Young blueberry is covered with agrofibre; in the winter snow is covered with snow.
Harvesting, processing, storage of the crop
Blueberry Bluegold collected manually or using specialized equipment. After collecting the berries are stored in the refrigerator.
Brugold variety suitable for sale. Berries are consumed fresh or processed to produce homemade blanks. Blueberry can withstand long-term transportation and is suitable for industrial cultivation.
Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
The main diseases of culture are given in the table:
Methods of struggle
Mummification of fruits
The first stage is the drying of the shoots, the appearance of a gray mass on them.
The second stage - ripe berries fade and become orange or brown.
Spraying Bordeaux mixture or solution of Topsin preparation.
Be sure to remove the affected fruit, which are the source of infection.
Removal of fallen leaves.
Prophylactic spray fungicides.
Reddish spots on the leaf plate, leaf fall.
Processing bushes Bordeaux liquid or a solution of the drug Rovral.
Compliance with the rules of care: watering, fertilizing.
Blueberry pests and control measures are listed in the table:
Signs of defeat
Ways to fight
Caterpillars of fruit moth feed on buds, shoots and berries.
Treatment of the bush drug Lepidocide with an interval of 10 days.
Pruning and burning of broken and frozen shoots.
Loosening the soil under the bush.
Spraying insecticides in the spring and autumn.
Insect lays transparent eggs on the back of the leaf.
Elimination of damaged branches. Spraying drug Fufanon.
Blueberry Bluegold - proven variety that is suitable for planting in the garden. Due to the high quality of the fruits, blueberries are grown on an industrial scale.