Potato Wizard - a variety of domestic breeding, adapted to Russian conditions. It is distinguished by high quality tubers, good taste and long storage period. Variety Wizard brings a high yield while respecting the rules of planting and caring for the crop.
History of origin
Potato Wizard bred FSBNU Leningrad Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture "Belogorka". In 1996 an application was submitted for the inclusion of a variety in the state register.
After testing in 2000, the potato Wizard was registered in the state registry. It is recommended for cultivation in the North and North-West region, the Volga region, TsChO, in the North Caucasus and the Far East.
Description and characteristics
Distinctive features of the sorcerer variety:
- erect bushes;
- light green leaves of medium size;
- medium-sized corollas of white color;
- oval tubers with small eyes;
- white flesh;
- smooth peel yellow;
- weight from 73 to 116 g
The taste of potato Wizard is estimated at a high level. Commercial quality is comparable with reference varieties. Starch content in tubers is from 12.4 to 15%. Tastes are estimated at a high level.
Variety Wizard has high keeping quality. Productivity depends on the region. In the Volga region, from 1 hectare from 175 to 270 c / ha is collected. For the Northern region, this figure is 370 c / ha. From one bush receive up to 15 tubers.
Advantages and disadvantages
Pros and cons of potato Wizard are shown in the table:
Potato Wizard grows best in light soils: sandy, loamy, sandy, black earth. In clay soil, the culture develops slowly and is prone to fungal diseases.
The soil for potatoes is prepared in the fall. Beds are dug up, eliminate weeds and remnants of previous crops. From fertilizers make humus and wood ash.Important! Potato Wizard planted after cucumbers, cabbage, beets and sideratov. If tomatoes, eggplants, peppers or other potato varieties grew on the garden bed, you should choose another place for the crop.
For planting choose healthy tubers with a mass of from 70 to 100 g. Planting material is assessed visually and discard tubers with rotting, cracks and other defects.
Potato varieties Wizard kept in the winter in the basement or cellar. A month before planting, the tubers are transferred to the light and kept at a temperature of 15 degrees. By planting choose potatoes with sprouts up to 15 mm in length, which is treated with Epin's solution to stimulate growth.
Potato Wizard planted in the grooves or holes. In the sandy soil, the tubers are buried by 10 cm, in the clay - by 5 cm. There should be 30-40 cm between the bushes. The rows are placed in 70-80 cm increments.
For high yield, the Wizard variety provides good care. Before the emergence of seedlings, the soil is loosened so that the tubers receive more oxygen. Periodic weed weed.
When shoots appear, you need to loosen the land between the rows. Especially important is the loosening after watering and rain, which avoids the formation of a crust.
Grade Wizard do not water until the buds appear. When flowering begins, the soil is constantly moistened. When the soil dries to 7 cm, proceed to watering.
Potato planting watered with warm water in the evening. Under each bush requires 2-3 liters of water. In a drought, the field is watered more often, up to 3-5 times during the season.
Hilling and feeding
Mandatory step in the care of potatoes Wizard is hilling. The procedure is carried out twice per season: when the bushes reach a height of 15 cm and before flowering begins. As a result, the formation of new root processes is activated, the soil is saturated with oxygen and weeds are destroyed.
Hilling is carried out after watering or rain. Earth is raked from between rows of potato bushes. To do this, use forks or special equipment.
To increase the yield helps feeding the potatoes Wizard:
- with active growth of tops;
- during bud formation;
- during flowering.
The first dressing is necessary for the variety Wizard with the slow development of the bushes. Nutrients are necessary for plants with thin stems and pale leaves.
For processing, a slurry-based solution is prepared that saturates the plants with nitrogen. It is also allowed to water the potatoes with a solution of urea in the amount of 1 tsp. on a bucket of water.
For the second treatment requires a solution consisting of 1 cup of wood ash and 1 tbsp. l potassium sulfate. Fertilizer improves the taste of potatoes and promotes abundant flowering.
The third dressing varieties Wizard spend using 1 tbsp. l superphosphate 10 liters of water. The treatment stimulates the formation of tubers. Under each bush pour 0.5 liters of the resulting solution.
Diseases and pests
The cause of potato diseases are fungal spores, viruses and lack of nutrients. The most dangerous for plants are viral diseases (mosaic, leaf curling), which spread with poor-quality planting material and insects.
The most common fungal infection of potatoes is phytophthora. Defeat in the form of dark spots appears on the leaves and tubers. To protect plantings from phytophthora, agrotechnology is observed and spraying with Bordeaux mixture, copper chloroxide, Ridomil solution is carried out.Important! The Colorado potato beetle and stem nematode cause the greatest damage to landings.
Spraying with Karate, Arrivo, Sumi-Alpha helps against the Colorado potato beetle. Processing is performed when the larvae appear and repeat after 10 days.
Nematode - a representative of worms, damaging the tubers and tops of potatoes. The pest penetrates the soil along with planting material and garden tools. Effective methods to combat the nematode is not developed, therefore, special attention is paid to the selection of tubers for planting and subsequent care.
Harvesting potatoes is carried out in the middle-early periods. Tubers are harvested 65-80 days after germination.
If the tops of the bushes are dry, start cleaning within 3 weeks. After a long stay in the ground, the tubers lose weight and are worse stored.
2 weeks before harvesting, it is recommended to mow the tops, leaving about 10 cm above the ground, and remove it from the site. In the summer, bushes attract pathogens and pests. Tubers are dug in warm, dry weather at a temperature of 10-17 degrees.
Tubers are left on the field until the end of harvesting for drying. Dug potatoes kept in a dark dry place for 2 weeks. During this period, the tuber rind will become harder. Then the potatoes are sorted and rejected specimens with traces of disease or damage. Healthy tubers are stored in a cool, dry place in winter.
Potato Wizard has a high commodity and taste. The key to a good harvest is the regular care for potatoes: hilling, feeding and watering. To protect the landings from diseases and pests, preventive treatments are carried out. Variety Wizard suitable for cultivation in most regions of Russia.