Variety Romano Dutch breeding known since 1994. Excellent grown both by farms and gardeners, gardeners. Suitable for breeding in Ukraine, in many regions of Russia (Central, Central Black Earth, South, Far East).
Potato Romano is a representative of the middle-early table varieties. Harvest can be collected in 75-90 days after planting tubers. Stems erect, flowers of red-purple color grow medium.
Smooth tubers are distinguished by light pink skin. The flesh on the cut has a cream shade (as in the photo). Large round-shaped potatoes are 80-90 g in weight and have few eyes of average depth. The yield of one bush is about 700-800 g (about 8-9 pieces). The starch content is 14-17%.
Advantages and disadvantages
The variety of potatoes Romano stands out for its high yields and is popular with gardeners and farmers for many reasons.
Romano potatoes are sensitive to low temperatures and may be affected by frost. There is also a risk of scab or nematode damage
When choosing this variety, it is necessary to take into account the thick rind of the tubers. On the one hand, it is an excellent protection when digging and storage. On the other hand, to clean the potatoes, you need to make some effort.
The main feature of the potato varieties Romano - seed planted in a well-heated land. Choose a time when there is no threat of late frosts - the second half of May. The ideal temperature is + 15-20˚С. This condition ensures a friendly emergence of shoots and high yield of root crops.Tip! To accelerate the germination of planting material, it is kept for about a month in the light, in a warm room. Otherwise, non-sprouting Romano potatoes will grow two to three weeks.
Tubers are treated before planting with growth stimulants (Fumar, Poteytin). Spraying potato varieties Romano special means increases yields, provides for earlier germination, protects roots from the Colorado potato beetle, increases resistance to viral diseases. The most affordable and simple option - just before planting, water the potatoes with wood ash, diluted in water.
Since the romano tubers are large enough, you can cut them apart when planted. For cutting potatoes, an acute knife is used, which is periodically treated with a solution of potassium permanganate. The division of potato tubers produced immediately before planting. If this is done earlier, then the cut pieces of potatoes are able to rot. In case of planting small fruits, 2-4 tubers should be placed in the hole.Tip! Since the largest and healthy fruits are left for breeding, it is advisable to plan promising shrubs in advance. You can tie the stems with a bright ribbon.
For potato beds allocate areas open and well-lit. If the garden is high groundwater, the potato ridges make high or form ridges.
Variety Romano perfectly tolerates heat, short drought. Therefore, during the season you can water the beds 2-3 times. Periodically, the potato plantings are weeded, loosened. It is advisable to do this work after wetting. Loosening of the soil prevents its quick drying, provides air access to the roots, levels the ground and destroys the soil crust. The first time to loosen the soil can and should be about a week after the emergence of seedlings.
Hilling and feeding
During the growth period it is recommended to pile up the beds two or three times. It is better to combine this process with weeding. The first time spud sprouts 15-20 cm in height. After two or three weeks, re-spud the beds (before the flowering of the crop). Allocating time for this is best on a cool day, after rain or watering. If the weather is hot, then it’s better to get rid of Romano potatoes in the evening.
It is impossible to neglect this procedure, since it solves several problems: a volume of soil is created for the additional formation of root crops, the soil is loosened, and the humidity of the earth is preserved.
The variety of potatoes Romano is very sensitive to the nutritional value of the soil. On scarce lands, it will not be possible to reap a bulk crop, so they are necessarily fertilized.
As a rule, top dressing is brought in three stages:
- At emergence of shoots specially moistened soil is watered with organic compounds. Suitable solutions of manure or bird droppings. Pre-fertilizer insist two days, and then prepare the solution in a ratio of 1:15 (manure and water, respectively). For one bush of Romano potato varieties, 0.5-0.7 liters is enough.
- In the budding phase, an excellent fertilizer will be a mixture of 4 tbsp. liters of ash and 1.5 hours l of potassium sulfate (this amount is scattered on a square meter of land).
- During the flowering period, it is enough to scatter 1.5 tbsp. liter of superphosphate per square meter.
Romano potatoes strongly absorb nutrients from the soil. Therefore, high-quality and timely application of fertilizing is the key to a bountiful harvest.
Diseases and pests
The variety Romano is moderately resistant to rhizoctonia, but is easily affected by common scab or potato nematode.
Signs of defeat
Potato nematode - the worms affecting the root system. The first signs of infection appear 40-50 days after planting.
Stems become weak, yellowing prematurely. Tubers are fastened very little or they are completely absent. The damage occurs through the planting of diseased tubers, when planting potatoes in contaminated soil
Of special chemicals, an excellent effect is the use of the “Basudin” product. But preventive measures are of greater importance: pre-treatment of Romano potatoes with a solution of potassium permanganate; crop rotation; Planting around the perimeter of tansy, aster, white mustard
Scab - a fungal disease that affects the skin. It leads to deterioration, loss of fruit presentation, increase in waste.
The disease develops since the flowering of potatoes. Causes of appearance: infected planting material or soil. Favorable conditions for the emergence and spread of - a shallow location of tubers, hot weather
First of all, we must observe crop rotation. Trichodermin is used for seed and soil treatment.
Shrubs affected by some diseases, it is recommended to mark, so as not to leave the tubers in storage. Such a potato can not be used during the next planting.
The first roots can be dug in early July. But the main harvest time is at the beginning of September. Approximately a week before picking Romano potatoes, it is necessary to cut the tops. This technique will strengthen the skin and increase the density of tubers.Important! Seed material for the future season is selected when digging the crop. The first selected tubers from the previously planned bushes.
Since the skin of Romano potatoes is rather thick, it should be dried for 3 to 5 days. If the weather is dry, you can leave the crop right on the site. During the rainy season, the harvested roots are laid out under special canopies.
Potato Romano is well stored, transported and suitable for the preparation of various dishes. Therefore, the variety is popular with gardeners and farmers.