Anyone who sees a blooming clematis wall for the first time cannot remain indifferent to these flowers. Despite some fastidiousness in the care, there are varieties of clematis, the cultivation of which will not bring any difficulties even to a beginner, and the abundance of flowers will shock anyone's imagination. This is what clematis Comtess De Bousho belongs to, a description of the variety with numerous photos and gardener's reviews can be found in this article.
Comtess de Boucho deservedly belongs to the masterpieces of the world collection of clematis and has more than a century of history, since it was bred by French breeder Francis Morel at the end of the 9th century. At one time, this variety of clematis received the award of the Royal Garden Society "for services to the garden." It was very popular a hundred years ago, and it got its name in honor of the Countess de Boucho, who had a beautiful garden in Chasle, Rhone district in south-eastern France.Attention! The clematis variety Comtess de Bouchot belongs to the Jacquesman group and, accordingly, to the 3rd pruning group. Flowers appear on the shoots of the current year.
Liana has a great growth energy, it can reach a height of 3-4 meters. Although in most regions of Russia clematis Comtesse De Boushoe shows more modest indicators - about 2-3 meters.
The leaves are dense, complex shape, composed of five ovate-pointed leaves. Buds, as well as flowers, look up. Flowers are formed on long peduncles (up to 18 cm) and when opened, they do not differ in gigantic sizes (about 10-15 cm in diameter). But they are formed in huge quantities, and the duration and abundance of the flowering period of Clematis Comtesse De Bauxaux is still unparalleled, at least in its color group.
The flower is not doubled, consists of 6 elliptical sepals with a slight taper and slightly wavy edges. The color of the petals is pink with the violet shade typical of clematis. The petals are slightly corrugated, they are distinguished by a more saturated purple tinged veins. The anthers are cream colored, and the stamens are bright yellow. It can set up single seeds, which still does not make sense to use for reproduction. Flowers do not tend to fade.
The flowering of clematis Cometess de Boucho occurs in traditional terms from July to September. According to reviews of some flower growers, it can begin even in June and last for almost the entire summer period.Comment! Clematis Comtess De Boucho may feel good both in full sun and in partial shade.
One of the unique advantages of the clematis variety Comtesse De Boucho is the fact that it starts flowering almost from the ground itself (at a height of 25-30 cm) and spreads along the entire length of the shoots up to 2.5-3 meters. Already in the second year of landing under favorable conditions, you can watch this amazing sight. And every year the bush will only grow and grow in size, especially in width. After all, the life of this clematis is about 20 years.
Even unpretentious, like Comtesse De Boucho, should be taken seriously for planting any clematis, since it lives for a long time and it is better not to make mistakes from the very beginning than to correct them later.
Choosing a place and time for landing
In order for Clematis Comtess De Bousho to grow well and bloom profusely for its planting, it is necessary to choose a place with the following parameters:
- The abundance of the sun is desirable for flowering, in extreme cases, it may be a small penumbra for half a day.
- Protected from drafts and constant winds.
- With a low level of groundwater, otherwise it is necessary to build an artificial embankment with a height of at least 15 cm.
- From the wall or fence should be at least 50 cm, and from the roof should not drain water during rains.
Clematis saplings can be planted in a permanent place both in late spring and in early autumn. In spring, he has more time to get used to the new place and get ready for winter, but it is necessary to act very carefully when planting so as not to damage fragile young shoots. In the fall, planting clematis occurs more easily, but it is necessary to plant the bushes no later than a month or two before the onset of sustained frost, so that they have time to take root.
If clematis seedling is purchased with a closed root system, then it can be planted even in summer, but only under shading and regular watering within a month after planting.
Selection of seedlings
The appearance of clematis seedlings with open roots has the following requirements:
- No mechanical damage or signs of any disease.
- The shoot, about 5 cm long, must have at least two unblown buds.
- The total length of the roots should be about 50 cm, and the number of roots should be at least five.
Clematis Comtesse de Boucho varieties prefer to grow in breathable, light, but well-fertilized soil. He will not like sour soils at all, it will be necessary to add lime or at least wood ash. On heavy soils, sand and humus or compost must be applied.
How is landing
A few weeks before planting clematis, it is best to pre-dig a hole with dimensions of length, width and depth of about 60 cm. Planting mixture is prepared from equal parts of humus and garden soil with the addition of 3-4 kg of sand, 400 g of dolomite flour and 150 g of superphosphate. At the bottom of the pit, a small mound is formed from the planting mixture, the roots of the seedling are spread on it and gently covered with the remaining land mixture.Important! In most regions, it is advisable to deepen the root neck by 5-15 cm, but in areas with a harsh climate, clematis seedling should not be deeply buried - it is better to sprinkle the base of the roots with mulch for the winter.
Supports must be installed before landing. After landing, clematis must be tied to supports for the first time. Later, he himself will be able to cling to them with the bases of the leaves.
The most important clematis care procedures for Comtesse de Boucho are watering, fertilizing and pruning.
Clematis are very respectful of watering, because from a lack of moisture the flowers become shallow and the flowering time is greatly reduced. On average, in hot weather it is necessary to water the bushes at least 2-3 times a week, preferably with irrigation of foliage. But this should be done only after sunset.
If you have made the right amount of organic matter and mineral fertilizers when planting clematis, then in the first year after planting it may not be fed at all. But from the second year, abundant flowering can be achieved only by alternating organic and mineral supplements 1-2 times a month during the whole warm season. Top-dressings (especially nitrogen ones) can be stopped only by the end of summer.
Watering can be somewhat reduced if the clematis root zone is carefully mulched with a thick layer of organic material. In addition, the roots of clematis, unlike the plants themselves, cannot stand the sun and heat, so the shading of the mulch also has a positive effect on the viability of the plant as a whole.
Clematis must remove dry, wilted or damaged shoots during the summer and autumn. But in the autumn clematis Comtess De Bousho is cut off completely at about 20-30 cm from the level of the soil, so that from two to four buds remain on each shoot.
Shelter for the winter
Dates of pruning and shelter for the winter of clematis coincide with those usually defined for roses. After pruning, the entire root zone is completely covered with humus or peat, covered with a wooden or plastic container, a box. From above, they are still covered with dry leaves or sawdust and they are all covered with non-woven material, securing it well so that the wind does not carry it away.
In the spring it is important to choose the right time to remove the shelter in time and Clematis Comtesse de Boucho did not suffer from vyprevaniya, which is more dangerous for him than the frosts. It is best to do this gradually over a period of several weeks, first removing all artificial cover, and then slightly freeing the bush from the mulch.
Fight against diseases and pests
Of the diseases, wilt or wilt is the most dangerous for clematis.
But it appears mainly when landing rules are not followed and in the wrong place. For prophylaxis, clematis roots are recommended to be dusted with a mixture of wood ash and sand, it is good to fasten the plants on supports and spray them with Fitosporin several times.Tip! Spraying clematis bushes in the early spring period with Flyoverm helps to remove problems with most pests.
The seed method of reproduction of clematis can be used only for species-specific natural forms, since the others do not preserve the properties of the parent plant.
Vegetative breeding method includes:
- The division of the bush - it is best to divide the clematis bushes from 5 to 7 years old. In spring or autumn, just undermine and separate part of the bush.
- Cuttings - fully matured shoots are placed in the grooves to a depth of 8-10 cm and covered with earth, leaving 20-25 cm of the tip of the shoot on the surface. The following season, the new plant is separated.
- Cutting - the easiest to get a large number of new plants. In 3-4-year-old clematis bushes, before flowering, cut 6 cm long cuttings with two to three buds from the middle of the bush. Having processed a cut by Kornevin, plant in a mixture of sand and peat and constantly moisten.
- Grafting clematis - used only by professionals.
Application in landscape design
Due to its beauty and unpretentiousness, Clematis Comtesse de Boucho can be used in any vertical gardening: arches, arbors, fences, fences, walls of buildings, as well as decorating old trees.
Gardeners have long appreciated the clematis variety Comtesse De Bauxaux and the reviews about it are always excellent.Julia, 34, SamaraComtess De Boucho is one of my favorite clematis. I got it by cuttings, rooted it, and now, in the second year of planting, it overtook all my varieties in the abundance of flowering. In this difficult to argue with him. He survived perfectly the terrible heat of 2010, when the temperature was + 40 ° C for 2 months, and he doesn’t care much about frosts. Year of the year blooms better and better. And the flowering begins in June and lasts until September. Variety worker, which is not enough. Larisa, 46 years old, Rostov region. For the third year my clematis Comtesse De Boucho grows, and I am already very pleased. I was recommended to him, as the most unkillable and unpretentious variety, but he's still so beautiful! The flowers are so delicate, pink with a wavy edge. And their number is simply beyond words, and it blooms for a long, long time, it seems to me, almost all summer I admire this beauty. Tatiana, 43, Moscow Oblast. I especially like Comtesse de Boucho because it is rich in flowering and the fact that flowers appear almost from the very earth to the very top. This is quite rare, the same Ville de Lyon, and other popular varieties prefer to bloom somewhere in the middle of the bush. I consider Comtess De Bousho the best pink clematis.
According to the abundance and duration of flowering, the variety Comtesse De Boucho seems to have no equal, at least among the clematis of pink shades. At the same time, the variety is distinguished by relative unpretentiousness to growing conditions and resistance to diseases.