Bakcharsky Giant - one of the most common varieties of honeysuckle. The popularity of berry shrubs due to its resistance to frost and disease. A distinctive feature of the variety - large berries. Honeysuckle is unpretentious in care and can bear fruit up to 18-20 years.
This variety of honeysuckle was obtained at FSUE “Bakcharskoe”, which is located in one of the villages of the Tomsk region. The authors of the new varieties became I.K. Gidzyuk, N.V. Savinkova and A.P. Pavlov.
Bakcharsky Giant honeysuckle bred for cultivation in harsh winter conditions. It is recommended for planting in Siberia and in the Central European part of the Russian Federation, which is characterized by a temperate continental climate.
Bakcharsky Giant honeysuckle is characterized by an average ripening period and large, juicy berries. The plant has a powerful and vigorous shrub that can reach two meters in height. The crown is rounded and elongated. Frame branches are straight and thick, stretched to 0.6 m in length. The bush is abundantly covered with large, dark green leaves with a gray tint and a matte surface.
Honeysuckle of this variety gives large berries, the average weight of which is 1.8 grams, length 4-5 cm, and diameter 1.3 cm. Some specimens reach 2.5 grams. The fruit has a cylindrical shape and a slightly bumpy, waxed surface. The thin peel is painted in saturated, blue color. Sometimes there are small voids under it.
The flesh is tender and dense, the bones are almost not felt. Taste - sweet, sweet, with a slight sourness. Tasters estimate it at 4.8 points out of 5. Use fresh honeysuckle and freeze. Compotes, jelly, jelly, juices, various wines and preserves are made from the berries.
Bakcharsky Giant honeysuckle begins to bear fruit in the second or third year after planting. The first berries can be tasted in June. On average, one bush produces from 1.8 to 2.5 kg of large fruits. Under favorable conditions, up to 4.5 kg of berries can be removed from a single plant. From one hectare gardeners collect from 8 to 15 tons of crop.
Pollinators for Bakcharsky giant
The flowers of the Bakchar Giant are self-fruitless, therefore they require cross-pollination. To get a bountiful harvest and large berries, in the garden you need to plant several different types of honeysuckle. Recommended varieties of pollinators Bakcharsky Giant: In memory of Gidzyuk, Pride Bakchar, Nymph, Amfora, Azure.
Advantages and disadvantages
According to responses of summer residents it is possible to allocate a number of positive sides of honeysuckle Bakcharsky Giant:
- bountiful harvest;
- large fruits;
- dessert taste that will appeal to any gourmet;
- fruits are easy to collect, as the branches are widely located;
- good resistance to diseases and pests;
- increased cold resistance, honeysuckle of this variety can withstand temperatures down to - 35 degrees;
- fruits tolerate transportation relatively well.
The disadvantages of this variety include the fall of ripened fruits. But experienced gardeners and gardeners easily solve this problem. Under the bush, they spread the film or fabric, on which the berries fall. A little trick helps in harvesting.
Grow honeysuckle Bakcharsky Giant easy. But in order for the sapling to take root and begin to grow rapidly, it is necessary to adhere to certain features of planting.
Planting honeysuckle of this variety is best carried out in September and October. After winter, the plant will wake up and begin to develop. Planting a bush in the spring is not recommended. Since honeysuckle wakes up very early (at the end of March), it is undesirable to disturb her. She may weaken and die. If there is such a need, then dig a bush along with the soil. So damage to the root system will be minimal.
Bakcharsky Giant honeysuckle is propagated by several methods:
- Layering. In June, dig up the soil around the plant. Then a few lower branches are bent to the ground and, sprinkled with soil, secured with wire. A year later, they take root and can be separated from the bush.
- Green cuttings. At the end of May, a part of an annual runaway with 3 buds is cut from the plant. Its length should be in the range of 10-15 cm. The stem is soaked in a growth stimulant solution and placed in a container with soil. Using a plastic bottle create the effect of a greenhouse.
- Seeds. This is a time-consuming and lengthy method of growing, so it is rarely used. Seeds are harvested from ripened fruits. They are put in boxes, covered with snow and left until spring. With the advent of heat, the container is covered with a film and the germination is expected. Before planting, the seed stratification must be carried out.
The photo shows the honeysuckle cuttings.
Attention! In reproduction, only about 30% of the cut shoots take root by cuttings.
Choosing a place
Honeysuckle of this variety does not like strong winds, so it is recommended to plant it along the fence or any other fence. Bakcharsky Giant does not tolerate excessive moisture. Groundwater should be no closer than 1.5 meters to the ground. It is not recommended to choose a lowland for planting a bush, as cold air and moisture accumulate there.
Bakcharsky Giant loves sunny areas, but the lower branches should be in the shade. Therefore, honeysuckle should be planted interspersed with other shrubs. So the crown will be well lit, and the root zone of the plant will be shaded.
Honeysuckle is picky to the ground, but grows best on fertile and loamy soil. The composition of the soil must be neutral or weakly alkaline. If it is sour, then dolomite flour or ash should be added to the landing pit.
Seedlings need to be purchased from trusted vendors. Before planting, the roots of the plant are soaked in a solution of any growth promoter. Then perform the following sequence of actions:
- the territory is cleared of weeds;
- humus, rotted manure, peat or compost at the rate of 10 kg / 1 m2;
- plot carefully dig;
- pits are prepared with a depth of about 0.4 meters and a width of 0.4 meters;
- drainage is placed on the bottom and 50 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium salt are applied to each well;
- straighten the roots of the seedling and lower it into the hole so that its root collar is at ground level;
- fill the hole with soil and slightly condense it;
- honeysuckle planted watered with a bucket of water.
Important! If there are several bushes, then at least 2.5 meters is left between them. The interval between rows should be about 1.5 meters.
Bakcharsky Giant - picky honeysuckle variety. But regular care guarantees the healthy appearance of the plant and abundant fruiting.
Shrub should be watered every 4-5 days. It is recommended to pour a bucket of water (10 liters) onto one root. If the moisture is not enough, the berries will be bitter. With excessive watering the plant roots rot. Therefore, you need to focus on the weather conditions of a particular area. In case of drought, increase the amount of watering, and during rains reduce it. In the autumn it is kept to a minimum.
After each irrigation, it is desirable to loosen the ground around the bush.
The honeysuckle variety Bakcharsky Giant is fed in three stages. In the spring to build fruit use nitrogenous fertilizers. For example, ammonium nitrate. On one plant enough 15 g of the substance.
To restore after fruiting, water the bush with a solution of nitrophoska (25 g per bucket of water). If it was not at hand, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied to the soil.
For the supply of nutrients for the winter in autumn, the soil is fertilized with organic matter. To do this, manure is diluted in water in the ratio of 1 to 4. For one bush enough 10 liters of solution.
Young honeysuckle does not need to be cut. The first procedure is carried out three years after planting the seedling. Remove broken, frozen and dried branches. Also cut curved, growing inward and tilted to the ground shoots. Depending on the age of the bush on it should be about 9-15 strong branches. The more light will penetrate into the middle of the bush, the larger the berries will be.Important! If the shrub is old, you can make rejuvenating pruning. To do this, cut off all branches at the level of 30-35 cm from the ground.
Diseases and pests
Honeysuckle variety Bakcharsky Velican has good resistance to many diseases. But the shrub can be attacked by pests: caterpillars, ticks, aphids and scale insects. Therefore, in the early spring they carry out preventive spraying. The following drugs have proven themselves well: Mavrik, Konfidor, Eleksar and Inta-Vir.
The photo shows honeysuckle affected by aphids.
Honeysuckle Bakcharsky Giant deserves attention. This is a godsend for gardeners living in the northern regions of the country. This is a frost-resistant variety that is intended for cultivation in harsh climatic conditions. To get a rich harvest and a healthy plant, it is enough to follow the simple rules of agricultural engineering.