Moscow's raspberry giant has become one of the new products among the large-fruited raspberry varieties of recent years, but, despite its very attractive characteristics, the appearance of this variety is covered with a touch of obscurity. Indeed, the Moscow giant has not yet been included in the State Register of Russia. And in the catalogs of raspberry varieties of famous Russian breeders working in the Moscow region, it is also not mentioned.
Nevertheless, the Moscow giant raspberry is actively distributed and advertised by several large garden centers, such as the Russian Garden and Victoria. In this article you can find a description of the variety, as well as its photos and some reviews of gardeners. But how reliable are these data, you can only check for yourself by planting this sort of raspberry in your garden.
It should be noted that, besides the raspberry variety Moscow Giant, one can often find in various sources the description of the variety Moscow Giant.Attention! Judging by the descriptions and characteristics of the berries, these two varieties are similar to each other, like twin brothers.
Perhaps they are the same variety, whose name was modified for promotional purposes.
The name of the variety largely speaks for itself. In plants of this variety, all parts differ in gigantic sizes - from shoots and leaves to flowers and berries.
It is clear that the stems are characterized by a large growth force. In height, they are able to reach two meters or even more. In general, bushes have a tendency to build up a large amount of green mass, so with the raspberry feedings the Moscow giant makes sense to be very careful. Otherwise, instead of a set of berries of large size, you can get only powerfully overgrown green bushes.
Nitrogen fertilizers can be applied only in early spring, and then it is better to switch to phosphorus-potassium supplements with the obligatory addition of trace elements.
The leaves differ unusually large size and juicy bright green color.
Poboobrazovatelnuyu ability is in the middle range - each season produces about 10 new shoots, some of which can be used for reproduction. Root growth is formed, but also on a medium scale - up to 4-5 per shrub.
In terms of ripening raspberries, the Moscow giant can be attributed to early ripening. It begins to bloom in May-June, and the first fruits appear by the beginning of July. An important feature of this raspberry variety is its tendency to remontance. That is, in conditions of abundance of sunny days, it is able to give a second crop at the end of summer - in the fall on young shoots of the first year.Comment! Raspberry varieties that are able to produce additional crop on young shoots are called semi-repetitive or pseudo-repetitive.
Their main difference from real remontant varieties is the fact that berries appear, as a rule, only in the uppermost part of the shoots, and not along their entire length, as in remontant raspberries. In addition, the emergence of a second crop is largely determined by warm and sunny weather conditions during the spring and summer. The guaranteed receipt of a second crop on raspberries of this variety can be expected only in the southern regions of Russia.
However, in such favorable conditions, the yield of raspberries Moscow giant can reach a total of 10-12 kg per bush per season. But the average yield of this variety is impressive - even when grown in conditions of Central Russia, about 6-8 kg of raspberries are obtained from one bush.
It is also assumed that this variety has a higher average resistance to major pests and diseases and high frost resistance. As for the last point, there are some doubts, since large-fruited raspberry varieties, if they can tolerate frosts of up to -25 ° -30 ° C, do not tolerate periods of thaw and often vypravayut with significant temperature differences in winter. However, judging by the reviews, raspberry bushes Moscow giant have good recoverability and are able to resume from the roots even after freezing or vyprevaniya bottom of the shoots.
Characteristics of berries
The name of this raspberry variety refers primarily to berries. They really can have gigantic sizes with a matchbox and more. The average weight of a berry is 10-15 grams, and the very first berries easily reach 20-25 grams.
- The pulp of the raspberry fruit The Moscow giant is quite dense, but at the same time very juicy;
- The berries have a very beautiful shiny surface;
- Drugs firmly linked together;
- The shape of the berries is conical and occurs from moderately to highly elongated;
- The color of the fruit is bright, red-crimson, with full maturity - dark;
- The taste is sweet, typically raspberry, with a barely pronounced sourness;
- The seeds are so small that they are not felt at all when eaten;
- The berries of this raspberry variety, due to their density, have good transportable properties and are well preserved, therefore they are quite suitable for growing for sale;
- The use of berries is universal, they retain their shape after freezing, they make delicious fruit drinks, compotes, jellies and jams;
- Fruits can be stored for 3-5 days at room temperature and up to 10 days in the refrigerator.
Planting and care
Despite the high yields and the giant size of the berries, the Moscow Giant raspberry care is no more difficult than any other large-fruited raspberry.
From the moment of planting it is necessary to take care that the raspberry bushes are comfortable and cozy in the place chosen for them.Tip! The soil must be properly filled with organic matter and, if necessary, add deoxidizing elements such as dolomite flour or wood ash.
The place should be not just bright, but also sunny, but protected from strong winds. Any raspberry like to grow on poles or trellis, as this increases the access of air and light to all parts of plants. And, of course, regular watering is a necessary element in the care of raspberries in this class. On one bush will need about 10-15 liters of water.
Since raspberry bushes spend a lot of effort on the return of a large crop, they also need regular feeding during the whole warm season. But by the beginning of autumn, it is desirable to stop them, so that the shoots have time to mature and prepare well for the winter.
Pruning raspberries The Moscow giant is different from the pruning of traditional raspberry varieties and the remontant ones. If the young shoots of the first year managed to bring fruits at their apex in the current season, then before the onset of steady frosts the upper part of the shoot is removed. This is done even if unripe berries are preserved on the top. The following year, the fruits are formed on the remaining lower part of the shoots, and only after the final harvest the entire shoot is removed completely.
Pruning this raspberry as a remontant variety completely for autumn is not recommended, because in this case you will lose part of the crop that would have ripened on these shoots the next year.
But in regions with harsh climatic conditions, it is possible to grow the Moscow giant as a normal two-year raspberry, cutting out only two-year-old otlodon bears in the fall and not touching the one-year increase.
The raspberry variety Moscow giant appeared quite recently and therefore there are not so many reviews on it. In addition, gardeners are often confused with other varieties such as the Yellow Giant, the Moscow Giant, Hercules and others.Svetlana, 45, Nizhny Novgorod Region In my area, there are several varieties of large-fruited raspberries growing: Phoenix, Maroseyka, Stolichnaya and Moscow Giant. They are all quite happy with me - steady, fruitful, with a large and tasty berry. For the winter I never bend them down, much less cover them, however, we usually have more than enough snow in the winter. The Moscow giant once in late summer - early autumn began to bloom and form berries on young shoots. And then frost struck. So I cut off the twigs with the fruits and put them in a vase at home - they managed to ripen and the kids tasted some more ripe raspberries. Valentina, 52, Moscow Region Got raspberries from the Moscow Giant from the Russian Garden. In the first year of harvest, it did not wait, but in the second year the bushes vymahali powerful, green and berries were already. True, not as much as we would like, but large and sweet. No sores were noticed on it. But it seemed to me that the tops developed to the detriment of flowers and berries. Next year I will try not to add humus at all, but to use only ash.
Raspberry Moscow giant is one of the largest and most fruitful varieties. But in order for it to be able to show all its capabilities, it is necessary to find the right approach to it.