To protect the plants of the new generation include the fungicide Soligor. It is included in the group of drugs of systemic action and is effective against many fungal pathologies of cereal. The presence in its composition of the three active components prevents the emergence of resistance to fungicide.
The manufacturer of the fungicide Soligor - Bayer has long been known in Russia as the largest supplier of plant and animal protection products, as well as medical preparations. The trust of Russian farmers has earned many innovative products of the company, one of which was Soligor.
Danger of fungi
High productivity of grain crops can be ensured only by their effective protection against diseases. Fungal diseases of cereals are the most common. Every year, farmers lose more than a third of the crop because of them. The most dangerous are the varieties of rust, among which the frequency of occurrence stands out brown form. Powdery mildew does a lot of damage - it is insidious because it doesn’t immediately manifest itself in the lower tiers. Of the various types of spotting, in recent years, pyrenophorosis is especially prevalent throughout the world.
Pathogenic fungal microflora penetrates into the underground parts of plants, causing root rot. Fungal pathologies of cereals have a high rate of spread. Rust is even called a disease without boundaries, as it is transported over long distances by air currents. With some types of diseases, the struggle can be waged in several ways:
- competent alternation of crops in crop rotation;
- timely processing of land;
- presowing treatment of seed material;
- the correct timing of sowing seeds.
However, many fungal infections require chemical methods. Fungicides of systemic action, the class of which includes the drug Soligor, reduce the risk of spreading fungal infections to a minimum and significantly reduce their level.
Mechanism of action
In contrast to contact action drugs, systemic fungicides, including Soligor, are capable of movement and distribution in plant tissues. As the plant grows, the active ingredient of the drug moves along its tissues, providing a long protective effect. The full activation of active ingredients takes up to 5-6 days, but their effectiveness lasts for several weeks.
At the same time, the fungicide Soligor protects against fungal infections not only the treated leaves and stalks of cereals, but also the emerging growth. Due to the rapid absorption of the drug by plant tissues, weather conditions do not have a special effect on it. Fungicide Soligor has many advantages:
- it quickly penetrates the cereal tissue;
- protects the spike from weathering;
- protects the root system and the resulting growth from pathogens;
- differs in an economic expense of solution;
- the drug Soligor has a therapeutic effect on harmful microorganisms that have already been introduced into plant tissues;
- demonstrates long-term residual activity;
- counteracts mixed infections;
- does not require multiple treatments;
- the fungicide Soligor is effective even at low temperatures;
- drug treatment can be used in the period from the appearance of two leaves and until the end of the flowering spike.
Important! The last spraying of the fungicide Soligor should be carried out 20 days before harvesting the grain.
The active substances that make up the drug Soligor, have a combined effect.
Spiroxamine ensures the penetration of the active components of the fungicide into the fungus through the cell membrane, preventing the formation of mycelium. Due to the blocking of isomerization processes, it slows down the formation of fungicide-resistant Soligor mushroom populations. It has a therapeutic effect.
Tebuconazole inhibits metabolic processes in the cells of the fungus. Destroying the infection in the early stages, promotes better rooting and growth of grain. Protects cultures from new infections for a long time.
Prothioconazole contributes to the effective development of the root system, which provides:
- higher availability of moisture and nutrients to the plants;
- powerful seedlings and good bushiness of grain;
- resistance to lack of moisture in dry periods;
- the best indicators of grain.
Fungicide Soligor instructions for use recommends applying the method of spraying. Its expenditure amount is calculated depending on the degree of damage to plants by the fungus:
- a consumption rate of 0.6 liters per hectare is considered sufficient for prophylactic spraying with a moderate infection during the growing season;
- in case of a severe lesion with a fungal infection and at a late stage of plant development, the consumption rate of the drug Soligor is increased to 0.8 l per hectare.
If you follow the recommended norms of consumption, the fungicide Soligor can be combined:
- with growth regulators;
- liquid forms of fertilizers;
- other fungicides of system or contact action.
The drug Soligor is produced in the form of an emulsion concentrate and enters the trading platforms in 5-liter cans. Its shelf life is two years. Preparation of the working solution requires careful adherence to the dosages specified in the instructions. The procedure itself should be carried out in terms that are determined by the average values of the period of occurrence of certain diseases, calculated from the results of many years of observation.
It is better to carry out the treatment with the drug Soligor in the early morning or in the evening and use fine sprayers. They are good in that they reduce the size of the working solution droplets by almost one and a half times, thereby increasing the coverage area and decreasing the consumption of the preparation. Sprayers are mounted on a tractor that moves at a speed of up to 8 km / h.
The drug Soligor is considered safe for bees and beneficial insects. However, for humans and fish it is toxic, the hazard class is:
- for a person - 2;
- for bees - 3.
When working with him must observe the following precautions:
- during the preparation of the solution and spraying it is necessary to use overalls, rubber gloves and boots, a mask;
- It is forbidden to pour the remnants of the working solution into water bodies;
- after working with Soligor, wash your face and hands with soap and water.
It is also worth remembering that it is always more difficult to treat a disease than to prevent it. Therefore, the prevention of fungal infections is especially important.
Fungicide Soligor today occupies a leading position in the fight against diseases of winter crops. Russian farmers also rated its effectiveness, as evidenced by their reviews.Ermolaeva Ekaterina, 48 years old, Yaroslavl. We have been using Bayer fungicides in our farm for several years now. They are highly effective in combating numerous diseases of wheat and barley. Innovative drug Soligor is characterized by almost instant action, protecting winter crops from the most dangerous fungi. The advantage of the fungicide is the lack of resistance. Igor Yachmenkin, 45, Vladimir, In the past year, wheat rust was struck by brown rust - an insidious fungal disease. At the first signs of damage, he treated with Soligor. Got a great result - healthy plants and high yields. This year I did not wait for the appearance of fungi, but spent a preventive spraying in the spring. The effectiveness of the drug was the same high. Kurochkina Svetlana, 54 years old, Astrakhan. When treating a plot with a grain preparation, Soligor plants give strong roots and stems, and the ear becomes larger and more bushy. When spraying, spray the solution on the soil under the plants to prevent root rot. The tool helps in the fight against weeds. Mikhail Kalinkin, 63, Pyatigorsk When cold wet springs fall out, wheat and barley need treatment with the Soligor fungicide, as they are often struck by powdery mildew. And one spraying up to the earing is enough, since the drug has a prolonged effect. Soligor allows you to save on other pesticides.
Fungicide Soligor - highly effective means. At observance of an exact dosage and terms of processing it will promote the healthy growth of plants and an excellent grain yield.