Elegant grapes - a hybrid form of domestic breeding. The variety is distinguished by early ripening, resistance to diseases, drought and winter frosts. Berries have a sweet taste, and bunches have a marketable appearance. Under the planting of plants prepare the area, which is pre-fertilized with organic matter and minerals.
Elegant grape variety bred VNIIViV them. ME AND. Potapenko. Its very early form is characterized by short ripening periods. Parental varieties - Delight and Frumoas Albe.
For the Elegant grape variety, early fruiting is characteristic. The period from bud break to harvest takes from 110 to 115 days. Berries have table appointment.
Clusters in the form of a cone, medium density. The mass of the bunch is from 0.3 to 0.4 kg. According to the description of the variety, photos and reviews for elegant grapes characterized by an average power of growth.
Features of elegant berries:
- the size is 20х30 mm;
- weight 6-7 g;
- oval shape;
- green and white color;
- harmonious taste.
The flesh of the berries is crispy with nutmeg flavor. Ripening vines at a high level. The flowers are female, so the variety requires a pollinator. The number of fruitful shoots is from 75 to 95%. The variety is resistant to frost and diseases.
Clusters carry long shipments. Sometimes there is a pea berry. The grapes are consumed fresh, used to make desserts, compotes, juices.
The grapes are elegant super early
Grapes Elegant superearly - a hybrid variety that ripens in 100-110 days. The hybrid has received the name thanks to early maturing. Bushes are medium or low growth. Flowers bisexual, planting pollinator optional.
Grapes bring large clusters weighing from 300 to 600 g, cylindrical shape and medium density.
Description of the variety and photo of grapes Elegant super early:
- weight 5-6 g;
- the size is 20х30 mm;
- oval shape;
- milky green color;
- pleasant taste with nutmeg notes.
The grapes of Elegant Super Early is well accumulated sugar, which has a positive effect on its taste. Clusters are able to stay long on the bushes. Aging shoots at a high level. The variety is resistant to diseases and winter frosts.
The development and yield of grapes is largely dependent on the choice of a suitable place for growing crops. When arranging the vineyard, the level of illumination, the presence of wind, and the location of groundwater are taken into account. Plants are planted in prepared pits that fertilize with organic or mineral substances.
Choosing a place
Under the vineyard fit plot, located on a hill or in the central part of the slope. In the lowlands there is accumulation of moisture and cold air, which negatively affects the development of culture.
In regions with a cool climate, Elegant grapes are planted on the south or southwest side of the building. When reflecting sunlight, the culture will receive more heat. The site should not be exposed to wind load.
Culture prefers light nourishing soil. Soils with high acidity are not suitable for planting, because they require liming. If the soil is characterized by low acidity, then you need to make peat or heather land.Tip! The vineyard is broken away from shrubs and fruit trees, which cast a shadow and take a lot of nutrients from the soil.
Enrich the soil helps the cultivation of sideratov. In the spring, they dig up the ground, after which they plant legumes, lupine or mustard. When the first inflorescences appear, the siderats are removed and buried in the ground to a depth of 20 cm. In the autumn, they start planting.
Elegant grapes are planted in autumn or spring, when the snow melts and the soil warms up. Seedlings are purchased from reliable suppliers or go to nurseries.
Healthy plants have no signs of damage, dark spots, growths on the roots. For planting choose annual grapes with a height of 40 cm, shoots with a diameter of 5 mm and 3-4 buds.
The sequence of work on planting grapes:
- Preparation of the pit size 50x50 cm and a depth of 50 cm.
- At the bottom of the set up a drainage layer of rubble or broken brick with a thickness of 10 cm.
- In the fertile land add 2 buckets of humus, 400 g of superphosphate and 220 g of potassium salt.
- The substrate is poured into the pit and wait 3-4 weeks for the soil to settle.
- The day before planting, the roots of the grapes are dipped in clean water.
- The plant is planted in a pit, the roots are covered with earth.
- Sapling plentifully watered.
Elegant grapes grow well with the stock, however rooting takes more time. Fruiting begins 2-3 years after disembarkation. Young plants provide weekly watering. Moisture is applied under the root, after which the soil is mulched with humus or straw.
Elegant grapes brings a bountiful harvest with regular care. Plants are watered, fed with fertilizers, in the fall pruned the vine. To protect the planting from diseases and pests, carry out preventive spraying plantings.
Intensive watering needs grapes younger than 3 years. It is watered several times per season: after cleaning the shelter in the spring, when the flowers are blooming and ripening. Adult bushes are able to independently produce water.Tip! Under each bush variety Elegant pour 4-6 liters of warm water.
Bushes of any age need watering. Moisture contribute late autumn to protect the landing from freezing.
The intake of nutrients ensures the development of bushes and the formation of the crop. For dressing use both organic and mineral substances.
Scheme feeding elegant grapes:
- spring when blooming buds;
- 12 days after the appearance of the first inflorescences;
- when ripe berries;
- after removing the bunches.
For the first top dressing, prepare slurry or 30 g of ammonium nitrate. Bushes are watered at the root with liquid fertilizer, mineral substances are buried in the ground. In the future, the use of such fertilizers is better to refuse. Due to the high nitrogen content, top dressing stimulates the formation of shoots and leaves to the detriment of yield.
With the flowering and fruiting of Elegant grapes, 140 g of superphosphate and 70 g of potassium sulphate are buried in the ground. Root top dressing can be replaced by spraying. Substances are dissolved in water, and then treated plants on the sheet. For spraying choose a dry cloudy day or evening period.
After harvesting in the vineyard, they dig up the soil and fertilize it with humus. Planting is necessary for plants to replenish the supply of nutrients after fruiting.
Elegant grapes are pruned annually in October. 5 shoots are left on a bush, weak branches are cut out. Long pruning is used for the variety, when 6-8 eyes are left on the shoot.
When flowering eliminate excess ovary. Just enough 1-2 bunches for each escape. The highest quality crop is obtained on the branches with a large supply of wood.
In the summer, they eliminate part of the leaves so that the berries are better illuminated by the sun. So grapes quickly pick up sugar, and the taste of berries will improve. In the summer, you must remove the stepsons.
Diseases and pests
Grade Elegant is not prone to mildew and gray mold. If the rules of cultivation are observed, the probability of developing diseases is significantly reduced.
To protect against diseases, prophylactic spraying of grapes with Ridomil, Topaz, Oksihom or Horus preparations is carried out. For processing, prepare a solution that sprayed the plants on the sheet. The procedure is carried out in the spring before the start of flowering and in the fall after the harvest.
The vineyard is attacked by spiderwebs and leaf mites, aphids, leafworms, and bulls. To protect against pests, spray the vine with Actellic or Karbofos. If sweet berries attract wasp swarm and birds, then clusters need to be closed with cloth bags.
Preparing for the winter
Elegant grapes can withstand temperatures down to -25 ° C. For winter, it is recommended to cover the vine to protect it from freezing. In the fall, shoots are removed from the trellis and placed on the ground.
Plants spud and mulch with dry leaves. Top put a wooden box or metal arc, then pull the agrofibre. In the spring, the shelter is removed in order to prevent the grapes from melting.
Gardeners reviewsElena, 38 years old, KurskChooseful grapes Elegant superearly according to the description of the variety and photo. Hybrid attracted early maturation. Indeed, the harvest is formed in early August. Berries with dense pulp and pleasant nutmeg. In the sun, the fruits turn yellow, in the shade they remain green. Very fruitful variety, berries tolerate transportation. Bunches are not damaged by wasps, have a good presentation. Sort one of the first to send to the market for sale.
Boris, 52 years old, Moscow RegionThe Kornoboristny grape variety, Elegant SuperStore, is growing in the country house. The variety took a worthy place on my site. The shrub is medium in size, however, this is offset by high yield and excellent taste of the berries. The clusters hang for a long time after ripening, while the taste of the berries only improves. In order not to overload the grapes, leave no more than 2 ovaries on each shoot. Practicing both short and long pruning. The trimming method does not affect the yield. For the Moscow region, Elegant grapes are the ideal variety.Michael, 45 years old, Volgograd According to the description of the variety, reviews and photos chosen for growing grapes Elegant. The variety was very early and sweet. Crispy berries, on the sun get an amber shade. Clusters grow to 700 g, some reach 1 kg. On the vine I leave 2 brushes. First, the lower matures, a little later - the upper. At first, the bushes developed slowly, so I began to water them with spring mullein. Vine has become more powerful and thicker.
Elegant grapes - cultivar destination. On the bushes are clusters with large berries. The ripening of the grapes occurs in the early stages. Elegant variety suitable for growing for sale and personal use. Caring for grapes involves watering and feeding. In the autumn, pruning of the shoots is performed and the plants are prepared for winter. To prevent diseases, shoots are sprayed with fungicides.