Fungal diseases affect fruit trees, berries, vegetables and flowers. One of the ways to protect the plant from fungus is to use the fungicide Topaz. Means differs in the long period of action and high efficiency. It is used both as a preventive measure and to combat existing lesions.
Features of the drug
Fungicide Topaz is a chemical agent that belongs to the class of triazoles. Its action is based on penconazole, which inhibits the functioning of fungal spores. As a result, the spread of fungal spores stops.
After use, the substance does not form a film on the surface of leaves and shoots. The active ingredient penetrates the walls of plant cells.Important! The drug Topaz acts in cold and rainy weather. The treatment is carried out at temperatures above -10 ° C.
You can buy the product in 2 ml ampoules or 1 l plastic containers. Duration of storage of the drug - 4 years. The analogue is the drug Diamond.
Fungicide Topaz is used to combat the following diseases:
- powdery mildew;
- various types of rust on the leaves;
- gray rot;
- purple spot.
Topaz is compatible with many chemical agents and prolongs the positive effect of their use. The alternation of fungicides improves the efficiency of treatments.
Most often, Topaz is used in conjunction with the following drugs:
- Horus - for getting rid of Alternaria and coccomycosis;
- Kuproksat - with the aim of treating phytophtoras and cercospora;
- Kinmiks - for pest control;
- Topsin-M - in the form of therapeutic measures with the appearance of signs of anthracnose, scab, fruit rot.
The choice in favor of the fungicide Topaz has the following advantages:
- wide scope of application;
- long period of exposure, allowing to reduce the number of treatments;
- good speed (the development of the fungus is suspended 3 hours after applying the solution);
- high efficiency at low temperatures and exposure to moisture;
- low drug consumption;
- suitable for most garden and flower crops;
- it is applied on any period of vegetation: from blooming buds to fruit ripening;
- low toxicity;
- compatibility with other means of diseases and pests.
The disadvantages of the fungicide Topaz include:
- the need to comply with safety regulations;
- the active ingredient disintegrates in the soil within 2-3 weeks;
- period of use on the site no more than 3 years, after which a break is required;
- high toxicity for inhabitants of reservoirs.
Instructions for use
To obtain a working solution, first dilute the suspension in 1 liter of water. The resulting mixture is stirred, then add the required amount of water. The rate of fungicide Topaz is chosen according to the instructions, depending on the type of plants to be processed.
Topaz helps protect cucumbers planted in greenhouses or open ground from the spread of powdery mildew. To obtain a solution, take 2 ml of fungicide and 10 liters of water.
Consumption for greenhouse plants is 0.2 liters per 1 square. m. For vegetables growing in open areas, enough 0.1 liters. Spraying is necessary when the first alarming symptoms occur.
If the signs of the disease persist, the plants are treated with the Topaz fungicide again after a few weeks. For vegetable crops, it is allowed to carry out no more than 4 treatments per season.
Symptoms of fruit rot can appear on apple, pear, peach and cherries. The disease affects the fruits that are mummified and remain hanging on the branches. The disease spreads very quickly through the garden and leads to crop loss.
Another dangerous disease is powdery mildew, which has the appearance of whitish plaque that affects shoots and foliage. Gradually, the elevated parts of the trees are deformed and dry up.
To protect the trees from diseases, a solution is prepared containing, according to the instructions for use, 1 ml of Topaz fungicide and 5 liters of water. Trees are treated by spraying. For seedlings use 2 liters of the resulting solution, adult trees require 5 liters.
Up to 4 treatments with Topaz are allowed per season. For prophylactic purposes, the period of budding or after flowering is chosen for spraying.
Gooseberry, currant, raspberry and other berry bushes suffer from powdery mildew. On the shoots, foliage and berries there is a white bloom. The spread of the disease begins with the lower branches. To protect the landings from the fungus, prepare a solution consisting of 3 ml of the drug in 15 liters of water.Important! According to the instructions for use, the need for fungicide Topaz per shrub is 1.5 liters.
Treatment is carried out when the first disturbing symptoms occur. Prophylactic spraying performed during the formation of the first inflorescences and after flowering. During the season allowed to spray bushes 4 times. Fungicide Topaz not apply for 20 days before harvest and later.
One of the most dangerous diseases of grapes is oidium. Leaves appear yellowish bloated spots, covered with white bloom. Gradually, the leaves are deformed, and the inflorescences fall.
To protect the grapes from the oidium, prepare a working solution of the fungicide Topaz. 2 ml of the concentrate is dissolved in 10 l of water. Planting process by spraying on the sheet. Consumption of 10 square meters. m is 1.5 liters.
The first treatment with Topaz is necessary after bud break, and repeated after flowering. During the season, the number of treatments should not exceed 4.
In cold and rainy weather, leaves of strawberries appear as powdery powdery mildew. As a result, the leaves curl and dry, the berries crack and become brown in color.
Another dangerous disease of strawberries is rust. Brown spots appear on the leaves, which gradually grow. As a result, the yield of strawberries falls.
For the treatment of strawberries from fungal lesions prepare a solution consisting of 3 ml of the suspension of the drug Topaz in a large bucket of water. Planting sprayed on the sheet.
The first treatment is carried out before flowering. Additionally, strawberries are processed after harvest. For the season, 2 topaz fungicides are enough.
In cold and humid climates, roses suffer from powdery mildew and rust. The signs of lesions are diagnosed on the leaves of plants, as a result of which the development slows down and the decorative qualities of the flower are lost.
For the treatment of roses prepare a solution of 4 ml of Topaz concentrate and 10 liters of water. Spraying perform on the sheet. During the season, spend no more than 3 treatments. Between the procedures stand 20 days.
Rust and powdery mildew infect flowers that grow outside and at home. Signs of diseases occur in carnations, violets, mallow, iris, clematis, peony, chrysanthemum.
To combat diseases, prepare a solution of 3 ml of Topaz and 10 liters of water. Leaves and shoots sprayed in cloudy weather. If necessary, the treatment is repeated, but not more than 3 times during the season.
Fungicide Topaz - a substance of Hazard Class 3, poisonous to fish. For birds and insects, the drug is not dangerous. During the work with substance observe safety measures.
In the process of applying the fungicide Topaz is prohibited to smoke, eat food or drinks. Work carried out on a dry cloudy day or in the evening. Permissible wind speed - up to 5 m / s.
When working with a solution it is important to protect the skin and respiratory organs. It is better to use a respirator and a protective suit. People who do not have protective equipment, and animals should be at a distance of more than 150 m from the place of treatment.Tip! If Topaz gets on the skin, thoroughly wash the contact site with water.
When administration of Topaz, it is necessary to drink 2 glasses of water and 3 tablets of activated carbon, induce vomiting. Be sure to contact your doctor.
Elena, 27 years old, Moscow region. I use the fungicide Topaz to get rid of powdery mildew of gooseberry and currant. I spend the treatment 2-3 times: in early spring, when the first leaves appear, during flowering and in the fall after harvesting the berries. The tool is effective only if the plants are processed several times per season. An excellent drug against fungal diseases on shrubs. Valery, 48 years old, Perm. Two years ago, powdery mildew struck gooseberries, so they were left without a crop. Last year, I decided to use chemical agents in order to guarantee to pick berries from a bush. With proper use of the drug Topaz helps to cope with the disease. In the early spring, he processed gooseberries twice with an interval of 10 days. Spread the emulsion of the Topaz fungicide with water according to the instructions. No signs of disease appeared during the season. Ekaterina, 36 years old, Voronezh. Last year powdery mildew appeared on roses. To combat the disease decided to purchase the drug Topaz. Has processed a rose in the morning. Although it rained during the day, the fungicide began its action. During the week I watched the bushes, and found no new signs of the disease. After 10 days, repeated spraying. Gradually, the rose comes to life and releases new leaves.
The drug Topaz effectively deals with fungal lesions in vegetable and horticultural crops. Plants are sprayed. The fungicide is added according to the standard established for each culture. When interacting with the drug Topaz observe safety precautions.