Currants have always been one of the most popular berries, and the variety of existing varieties gives a choice in relation to local conditions. Currant Dachnitsa - one of the best hybrids, as evidenced by the description of the variety, photos and reviews.
The variety Dachnitsa was obtained by Siberian breeders by crossing two varieties differing in similar characteristics, and zoned for cultivation in the Volga-Vyatka region and in the north-west of the country.
Currant Dachnitsa gives low compact bushes of medium thick with green hairless shoots. Lignified branches acquire a grayish-brown color. Bare bronze green five-lobed leaves. Each bush is capable of producing up to 1.5 kg of ripe berries. Despite early ripening, the crop is removed in several stages, which allows you to have fresh berries until later varieties.
Currant Black Dachnitsa gives large berries weighing from 2 to 5 g characterized by:
- round oval shape;
- delicate, thin skin;
- dark blue, almost black color;
- fragrant sweet pulp - their sugar content is 9.3%;
- high tasting score - 4.6 points out of 5;
- precociation - fruiting begins in the third year after planting;
- early ripeness - in June you can shoot the first crop of currants;
- universality of use;
- frost resistance;
- good yield.
Currant Dachnitsa, as evidenced by the description of the variety, has some minor drawbacks - under the weight of the berries, the bushes bend heavily, and overripe fruits fall off.
When planting currants is important to choose the right area. It should be open, well lit. A little shading does not prevent the bushes from developing, if you don’t overdo it. Currant grows well on fertile, loose soils, light loams are the best choice. However, with proper care, you can grow it on poorer soils. They are pre-enriched with humus and mineral fertilizers, and acidic soils are lime.
It should not be planted young saplings variety Dachnitsa on the site where currants and gooseberries grew before, as the soil is depleted over time, and harmful substances accumulate in it. Since Currant Dachnitsa is moisture-loving, low-lying areas protected from winds will be a good option. But the stagnation of water should not be, otherwise the plants will die.
Selected for the currant area should be leveled and dig, carefully clearing from weeds. Holes 40 cm deep are placed at a distance of one and a half meters in order to provide each bush with an optimal feed area. The pits for three quarters filled with a mixture of fertile soil with complex fertilizer. You can plant black currant Summer Resident in the spring, but seedlings take root faster and seedlings develop better in the fall, around mid-October. During the winter months, the soil around the seedlings will settle, well compacted, and from the spring the bushes will grow.
After planting the currant seedlings plentifully watered with water and mulch. The currant root system is located close to the soil surface, so you need to provide it with sufficient moisture. Mulching helps to preserve it, thereby reducing the frequency of irrigation.
Reviews of summer residents show that Currant of Dachnitsa is well propagated vegetatively by cuttings, cuttings or dividing a bush.
Preparation of cuttings
Cuttings can be cut from woody or green shoots. You can start harvesting them at the beginning of autumn. Young green cuttings of the current year are especially well acclimatized. A well-ripened shoot is cut into cuttings 20 cm long. In this case, the cuts should be oblique. They are deepened into the soil in an inclined state, leaving 2-3 buds above the surface. If the care recommendations are followed, they will quickly take root and by the next spring they will be ready to be transplanted to a permanent place.
When breeding a variety of currants Dachnitsa layering reviews gardeners recommend choosing a healthy uterine bush, characterized by higher fruiting and large berries. The procedure should be carried out in the spring, before the leaves appear:
- a shallow groove in the radial direction from it is dug near the bush;
- clean it from weeds, fertilize and moisturize;
- on the bush choose the longest shoot, bend down to the ground and put into this groove;
- fix it in the groove using wooden slingshots, after cutting the tip to stimulate the rest of the kidneys;
- sprinkle the shoots with moist loose soil, periodically wet it when the soil dries;
- shoots sprouting from buds spud, while leaving their tops open;
- the procedure is repeated until the groove is completely filled with earth;
- Do not stop watering, loosening and removing weeds until the autumn, when the roots take root completely.
By about mid-autumn, rooted cuttings can be excavated. They are carefully, as shown by the description of the variety and photo of the currant Dachnitsa, cut into pieces and planted in a permanent place.
When a currant propagates by cuttings or layering, it takes root faster and begins to bear fruit. The division of the bush is usually done in the autumn or spring transplanting currants to a new site. The bush is completely dug up and lightly shaken off the ground. After carefully examining the entire bush, you can determine the places where it will be easier to divide it into parts. Each of the parts must have strong shoots and developed roots.
At the same time, all old or damaged shoots and roots should be removed, and young twigs should be cut to 20 cm. Parts of the plant are planted in a new place, in prepared holes and watered abundantly. New bushes will begin to bear fruit only in a year, when they recover from the resulting stress.
Caring for the berries
The rules for the care of black currants. The dachnitsa are fairly simple according to the description and consist in carrying out timely procedures for watering, pruning and preventive treatments.
Systematic pruning of black currants allows you to maintain the stability of yields and increases the time of fruiting. It is necessary:
- to stimulate the growth of young shoots;
- removal of old diseased branches;
- pruning five-year shoots, no longer fruiting, but consume nutrients and water;
- sufficient aeration of the bush and exclusion of the probability of fungal diseases, the formation of shoots of different ages.
Pruning should be carried out, starting from the first year after planting currants, in a period when there is no sap flow - in late autumn or early spring. It should be borne in mind that the black currant Dachnitsa, according to reviews, does not form tall and spreading bushes. In order to get a voluminous bush, after planting pruned all the shoots, leaving them to 3-4 buds.
The following year, of the many young twigs, are left a few of the strongest that do not interfere with each other. At the beginning of summer, their tops pinch to form new lateral shoots. Further pruning is:
- in the removal of dried or diseased branches;
- elimination of thickening pruning extra shoots;
- pinching one-year shoots;
- shortening of 2-3 year old shoots to 4 buds.
The lack of moisture affects the development of currant bushes varieties Dachnitsa:
- they slow down their growth;
- fruits shrink;
- the harvest is reduced;
- bushes can freeze in winter.
The currant root system is located close to the surface, so it needs moisture, especially during active development:
- during flowering;
- ovary formation;
- fruit ripening;
- after harvesting, before wintering.
In dry seasons, currants need to be watered abundantly every week - up to 2 buckets per bush. It is better to pour water into circular grooves, dug at a distance of 20-30 cm from the stem. On hot days, it is advised to sprinkle with water and currant leaves Dachnitsa.
Dachnitsa variety is quite resistant to powdery mildew and some pests, but without preventive treatments the whole crop may be lost. To counter their negative impact, you need:
- conduct regular inspection of bushes and removal of all affected parts of plants - leaves, buds, twigs, followed by their destruction;
- in early spring, before the soil thaws to the end, hot pouring of the bushes from the watering can is useful - it will destroy the pests under the bush and protect against powdery mildew;
- during the bud break process bushes Bordeaux liquid;
- before the start of flowering spray tobacco infusion;
- against aphids will help processing soap solutions with ash or dry mustard.
Reviews gardeners and gardenersKupelnikova Nadezhda, 45 years old, Nizhny Novgorod We have long liked currant variety Dachnitsa for its wonderful dessert taste and healing properties. The variety is self-pollinated, but we plant several bushes of other varieties nearby. As a result, we get larger berries and a good harvest. It is good to use currants in any form - in the summer, fresh berries are always on the table, and in winter we prepare jam. Excellent grade.
Shapovalov Igor, 67 years old, KirovSmorodina Dachnitsa perfectly got accustomed in our area and gives good yields. The variety responds excellently to top dressing and timely watering. Every autumn I spend forming pruning to ensure good breathability of the bushes. Already planted cuttings from the first plants.Grishina Maria, 54 years old, BelozerskSmorodina Varna Dachnitsa is a real find for our climatic conditions, thanks to the early ripening of the berries, they manage to gather sweetness. Currant is unpretentious in the care - rather ordinary rules of agricultural technology. Fruits are universal in use - for the winter we prepare jams, jams, freeze berries. And currant leaves are used as an aromatic additive to tea.
Kroshkin Valentin, 70 years old, Vladimir Vladimir Three years ago, he bought one currant bush, Dachnitsa, loved his taste. Last year I cut cuttings from it, and they got accustomed perfectly. This year gave a good harvest. I think this is a very good grade.
Currant variety Dachnitsa is quickly gaining popularity due to its merits and extends far beyond Siberia, where it was bred.